With these principles in view, let us now come to the consideration of the question of alienage in the present case. That the father and mother of the demandant were British born subjects is admitted. If he was born before 4 July, 1776, it is as clear that he was born a British subject. If he was born after 4 July, 1776, and before 15 September, 1776, he was born an American citizen, whether his parents were at the time of his birth British subjects or American citizens. Nothing is better settled at the common law than the doctrine that the children even of aliens born in a country while the parents are resident there under the protection of the government and owing a temporary allegiance thereto are subjects by birth.-- Inglis v. Trustees of Sailor's Snug Harbor, 28 U.S. [3 Pet.] 99, 164 (1830)
U.S. Supreme CourtInglis v. Trustees of Sailor's Snug Harbor, 28 U.S. 3 Pet. 99 (1830)
Inglis v. Trustees of Sailor's Snug Harbor28 U.S. (3 Pet.) 99ON POINTS OF DISAGREEMENT CERTIFIED BY JUDGES OF THE CIRCUITCOURT OF THE UNITED STATES FOR THE SOUTHERN DISTRICT OF NEW YORK SyllabusThe testator gave all the rest and residue and remainder of his estate, real and personal, comprehending alarge real estate in the City of New York, to the Chancellor of the State of New York and Recorder of theCity of New York, &c. (naming several other persons by their official description), to have and to hold thesame unto them and their respective successors in office to the uses and trusts, subject to the conditionsand appointments declared in the will, which were, out of the rents, issues, and profits thereof to erect andbuild upon the land upon which he resided, which was given by the will, an asylum or marine hospital to becalled "the Sailor's Snug Harbor," for the purpose of maintaining and supporting aged, decrepid, and wornout sailors, &c. And after giving directions as to the management of the fund by his trustees, and declaringthat the institution created by his will should be perpetual, and that those officers and their successorsshould forever continue the governors thereof, &c., he adds"It is my will and desire that if it cannot legally be done according to my above intention by them, withoutan act of the legislature, it is my will and desire that they will as soon as possible apply for an act of thelegislature to incorporate them for the purpose above specified, and I do further declare it to be my willand intention that the said rest, residue, &c., of my estate should be at all events applied for the uses andpurposes above set forth, and that it is my desire all courts of law and equity will so construe this my saidlast will as to have the said estate appropriated to the above uses, and that the same should in no case,for want of legal form or otherwise, be so construed as that my relations, or any other persons should heir,possess, or enjoy my property, except in the manner and for the uses herein above specified."Within five years after the death of the testator, the Legislature of the State of New York, on the applicationof the trustees, also named as executors of the will, passed a law constituting the persons holding theoffices designated in the will, and their successors, a body corporate, by the name of "the Trustees of theSailor's Snug Harbor," and enabling them to execute the trusts declared in the will.This is a valid devise to divest the heir of his legal estate, or at all events to affect the lands in his handswith the trust declared in the will.