der ; but most of the people were poor, and a million of them slaves, with from six hundred to a thousand sena-tors,^ ten thousand knights, fifteen thousand soldiers ; the rest were " people," the plehs urhana^ a great proletariat, prolific of social danger, and supported at public expense. Of Rome in the making, little is to be said here. There had been a monarchy and a republic, with whatever cloud of myth over its beginnings and early history. The le-gends may pass with whatever kernel of truth was in them. There were patricians and plebeians ; there were Gaulish invasions and Samnite and Punic wars ; there were the struggles of the people with the aristocracy, with victory and assassination to Caesar, the leader of democracy, and the founder of the Empire at last. Enough that Rome began and grew, and at last, as the result of these seven centuries and more, there is a compact life here, a solid city, the city of cities, with wealth, with government, with religion, with the pride of a great history, with the power of a great Empire, with the glory of unconquerable arms. Enough that here is a mighty imperialism beginning the experiment of new centuries of dominion. Enough, above all, that here is a great Rome already made, waiting for a 1 Merivale says five hundred. History of Romans^ i. 62.