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Determining Air Flow CFM

Determining Air Flow CFM

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Published by: p997080 on Feb 21, 2014
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 Application Note
Building Automation Products, Inc., 750 North Royal Avenue, Gays Mills, WI 54631 USATel: +1-608-735-4800 • Fax: +1-608-735-4804 • E-mail:sales@bapihvac.com • Web:www.bapihvac.com
Determining Air Flow in Cubic Ft./Min
Pg. 1
Rev. 10/31/06
To calculate
 Air Flow
 in Cubic Feet per Minute (CFM), determine the
Flow Velocity
 in feet per minute, then multiply this figure by the
Duct Cross Sectional Area
. Air Flow in CFM (Q) = Flow Velocity in Feet Per Minute (V)
x
 Duct Cross Sectional Area (A)The easiest way to determine
Flow Velocity
 is to measure the
Velocity Pressure
 in the ductwith a Pitot Tube Assembly connected to a differential pressure sensor. The Pitot Tube Assemblyincludes a Static Pressure Probe and a Total Pressure Probe. A Total Pressure Probe, aligned into the airflow, senses the duct velocity pressure and the staticpressure, which equals the total pressure. A Static Pressure Probe aligned at a right angle to theairflow senses only the static pressure. The difference between the total pressure reading and thestatic pressure reading is the
Velocity Pressure
.If you connect the Total Pressure Probe to the HIGH port on a differential pressure sensor andthe Static Pressure Probe to the LOW port on the differential pressure sensor, then the sensor’soutput will be the
Velocity Pressure,
as shown in the figures below.
 S  t a  t  i c   P r e s s u r e   P r o  b e  T o  t a  l   P r e s s u r e   P r o  b e
Fig 2:
BAPI Differential ZonePressure Sensor (ZPS)measuring Velocity Pressure
The
Flow Velocity
 is then determined with the following equation:
V = 4005
x
 Sqrt(
ΔΔΔΔΔ
P)V
 = Flow Velocity in feet per minute.
Sqrt()
 = Square root of the number in the parenthesis.
ΔΔΔΔΔ
P
= The Velocity Pressure measured by the pressure sensor Example: Measuring a
Velocity Pressure
 of .75” W.C. equals a
Flow Velocity
 of 3,468 Ft/Min.V = 4005
x
 Sqrt(0.75)Sqrt(0.75) = 0.866 4005
x
 0.866 = 3,468 Flow Velocity = 3,468 Ft/Min
Continued on next page....
Fig 1:
 BAPI Pitot Tube Assembly,includes Static and Total PressureProbe Assemblies (ZPS-ACC12)
Determining Flow Velocity

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