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Published by shobry zaoldyeck

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Published by: shobry zaoldyeck on Oct 09, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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),syntax(the rules that determinehow words combine into phrasesand sentences
) and phonology(the study of sound
systems and abstract sound units).Phonetics is a related branch of linguistics concerned with the actual properties of speech sounds ( phones
), non-speech sounds, and how theyare produced and perceived.Other sub-disciplines of linguistics include the following: evolutionary linguistics, which considers the origins of language;historical linguistics,  which explores language change; sociolinguistics,which looks at the relation between linguistic variation and social structures;  psycholinguistics, which explores the representation and functioning of language in the mind;neurolinguistics, which looks atthe representation of language in the brain;language acquisition, which considers howchildren acquire their first language and how children and adults acquire and learn their second and subsequent languages; and discourse analysis, which is concerned with the structure of texts and conversations, and pragmaticswith how meaning is transmitted based on a combination of linguistic competence, non-linguistic knowledge, and thecontext of the speech act.Linguistics is narrowly defined as the scientific approach to the study of language, butlanguage can, of course, be approached from a variety of directions, and a number of other intellectual disciplines are relevant to it and influence its study.Semiotics,for  example, is a related field concerned with the general study of signs and symbols both inlanguage and outside of it.Literary theorists study the use of language in artistic literature.Linguistics additionally draws on work from such diverse fields as psychology,  speech-language pathology,informatics, computer science,  philosophy,  biology, human anatomy, neuroscience,sociology, anthropology, andacoustics. Within the field,
is used to describe someone who either studies the field or useslinguistic methodologies to study groups of languages or particular languages. Outsidethe field, this term is commonly used to refer to people who speak many languages or have a great vocabulary.

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