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Landuse Landcover Change In Traditional Urban Settlement: A Case Study of Ibadan Metropolis, Nigeria.

Landuse Landcover Change In Traditional Urban Settlement: A Case Study of Ibadan Metropolis, Nigeria.

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Published by OLA OYADIRAN

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Published by: OLA OYADIRAN on Oct 09, 2009
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 Landuse Landcover Change in Traditional Urban Settlement: A Case Study of Ibadan Metropolis, Nigeria.
1.0 Introduction
Landuse/Landcover encompasses the biosphere and it includes biota, soil, topography water  body habitat and exposed rock surfaces (Oyinloye
et al 
, 2004). While landcover could bedescribed as the biophysical state of the earth’s surface and immediate subsurface, Landuse can be described to include both manner in which the biophysical attributes of the land aremanipulated and the purpose for which the land is used (Briassoulis, 2000). Lillesand
et al 
,(2004) assume that landcover relates to the type of feature present on the surface of the earthwhich may include urban buildings, lakes and maple trees while landuse relates to the humanactivity that is associated with a specific piece of land. Alternatively landuse can be described asan abstraction that is not always directly observable by even the closest inspection (Campbell,2002). A detailed and a thorough set of land planning and management activities would require aconcise knowledge and understanding of both landuse and landcover. Campbell (2002) positsthat landuse is abstract while landcover is discrete; he also deduced that the distinction betweenthe two concepts (landuse and landcover) is that landcover lacks the emphasis upon theeconomic function that is essential to the concept of landuse.The challenges to monitor spatial changes in urban land use have been a general concern toresearchers, urban planners and other actors in urban management. The concern relies onappropriate technology, and techniques to achieve accurate urban spatial changes in order to predict the future trend for urban planning purposes. Remote Sensing data and the use of Geographical Information Systems (GIS) techniques have proved efficient in recent times. It hasthus been possible to monitor spatial changes in urban landuse and model the pattern of futurechanges. This study will examine the spatial growth of Ibadan metropolis, an indigenous urbansettlement in Nigeria.
 M. Sc. Thesis Oyadiran Ola
 Landuse Landcover Change in Traditional Urban Settlement: A Case Study of Ibadan Metropolis, Nigeria.
1.1 Landuse Change in Urban Areas
Human use of land has altered the structure and functioning of the ecosystem (Vitonset
et al 
,1997). The most spatially and economically important human use of land globally includescultivation in various ways, construction, reserves, protected lands and timber extraction (Turner 
et al 
1994). The pattern of landuse can provide insight into the factors that have caused the landcover to change. The urban population in Africa is growing faster than any other continent. It is predicted that by 2030 about 5 billion people, approximately the population size of the entirecontinent today will be in urban areas and that these figures will be absorbed by the urban areasof the less developed regions (United Nation Population Revision, 2001). The driving forces behind the rapid urbanization in Africa today are the combination of rural-urban migration andnatural increase within the towns and cities themselves. This is worsened in some regions byforced migration precipitated by various stresses including ethnic conflict wars, drought, famineand the stringent measures imposed on the developing Nations in the early 1970’s due to adecline in the Official Development Assistance (ODA), (Economic Commission for Africa,1996).The rapid rate of urbanization brought with it intractable urban problems, such as pooenvironmental sanitation, pollution, crime, unemployment and overcrowding among others.Other writers noted that Nigerian urban centres are faced with rapid growth and development,which contribute to landuse change.Yang and Lo (2003) investigated the modeling of urban growth and landscape changes in theAtlanta metropolitan area, using an urban model closely coupled with a land transition model tosimulate the future of urban growth, Nagai
et al 
(2002) developed a methodology to reconstructlong term land cover changes from
fragmentary observational data and knowledge of changesusing a genetic algorithm. Turner 
et al 
(1993) states that Human alterations of the terrestrialsurface of the earth are unprecedented in their pace, magnitude and spatial reach, of these, noneare more important than changes in land cover and landuse. Despite the improvement in landcover characterization made possible by remote sensing data, especially those obtainable fromsatellite sensors, global, regional and local land cover uses are poorly enumerated. It is
 M. Sc. Thesis Oyadiran Ola
 Landuse Landcover Change in Traditional Urban Settlement: A Case Study of Ibadan Metropolis, Nigeria.
recognized that the magnitude of change is generally high. For example, it is estimated that theglobal expansion of croplands since 1850 has consumed some 6 million square kilometers of world land and 4.7 million square kilometres of savanna/grassland of which respectively, 1.5million sq km and 0.6 million sq km of cropland by category has been abandoned (Ramankuttyand Foley 1999).The United Nations Centre for Human Settlements, (2001) observed that sustainabledevelopment is an integral component of human settlement development giving fullconsideration to the needs and requirement of achieving economic growth and development,social development and social progress employment opportunities that are in harmony with theenvironment. With this concept, efforts should be made to see that proper planning andimplementation are given to landuse policies so that whatever the impact of urbanization, littleeffects will be noticed on land use changes. Moreover, change detectability is a function of the"from" and "to" classes, the spatial extent, and the context of the change (Khorram
et al 
, 1994).Laymon, (2003) noted that landuse changes are a consequence of national growth, regionalassessments of historical and contemporary landuse change are needed to anticipate the impactsassociated with change and contribute to an understanding of productive environmentalsustainability. Adeniyi and Omojola, (1999) believe that in Nigeria all land development programmes and projects have evolved without an appreciation of landuse and landcover information.
1.2 Aim
The aim of this study is to examine the spatial pattern of urban landuse changes in the Ibadanregion using remotely sensed data and GIS techniques. The study will also attempt a predictivemodel of future urban growth.
1.2.1 Objectives
Examination of the spatial and temporal dynamics of landuse changes in Ibadan.
To analyze the specific changes in the landuse types.
 M. Sc. Thesis Oyadiran Ola

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