Potentials of Village and Small Enterprise Sectorin the North Eastern Region of India
I. The Village and Small Enterprises in the Indian Economy
: Village and smallenterprises in India have an age-old history. Artisans in different trades were needed to provide implements to farming operations; furniture and fixture needed to build houses;clothes to wear; ornaments, jewellery and footwear to put on; and a plethora of other articles. They also supplied those articles to the town-dwellers and the rich. Side by sidethere were persons who provided various services to the people in rural as well as urbanareas. When Mahatma Gandhi pleaded for a thrust to be given to these trades and spokeof village-based tiny productive activities, he had, in fact, many things in mind. However,the planned development of India was inclined to large and heavy industries. Yet,although with a concern of lesser order, village and small industries flourished andcomplemented the industrial economy of India. A synoptic view of growth of small-scaleenterprises may be obtained through Table-1 and Fig.-1. Its growth accelerated in the1960’s and continued unabated since then to cross 86 thousand units (firms) in 1998.
Fig.-1: Trends in Growth of Small-Scale Industries in India: 1901-2001