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How Henry Carey Explained the U.S. National Mission

How Henry Carey Explained the U.S. National Mission

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Published by walkley8
In the final chapter of his 1851 book, Henry Carey explains the true meaning of the American System of economics.
In the final chapter of his 1851 book, Henry Carey explains the true meaning of the American System of economics.

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Published by: walkley8 on Feb 21, 2014
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07/31/2014

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THE NEW FEDERALIST January 26, 1988
How Lincoln's Economic AdviserExplained the U.S. National Mission
Viewpoint
Henry Carey !resident A"raham Lincoln's economic policy adviser.
To the Editor!The re"ent i##u$inatin% arti"#e in Ne& Federa#it 'y Lyndon LaRou"he, He#%a (e))*LaRou"he, +riton (oao and $any other on "reation, "reati-ity, and
agape
 'rin% to $ind the "on"#udin% "ha)ter o. Henry +arey/ 1801 'oo,
The Harmony of Interests
, &hi"h I ha-e en"#oed in the ho)e you $i%ht )u'#ih it
 
+#ear#y, +arey a& a di-ine $iion .or the )eo)#e o. thee nited State3 a $iion &hoe )ur)oe &a to #i.t
all
the )eo)#e o. the earth hea-en&ard4i##y Da-i, 5r LaRou"he/ runnin% $ate in the 198 )reidentia# "a$* )ai%n, "a##ed thi tart#in% "ha)ter to our attention durin% a -iit to At#anta #at year7our tru#y,Ja$e  #onLa&ren"e-i##e, :a
We reprint here the slightly edited conclusion of the cited book by Carey, the little known economic adviser of President Abraham incoln!
Concl#sion
5u"h i aid o. ;the $iion; o. the )eo)#e o. thee nited State, and $ot o. it i aid 'y )eron &ho a))ear to #i$it the$e#-e to the "onideration o. the
 powers
o. the nation, and rare#y to thin o. it
duties!
4y u"h $en the %randeur o. the nationa# )oition i he#d to 'e %reat#y in"reaed 'y ha-in% e<)ended i<ty or ei%hty $i##ion u)on a &ar &ith a &ea nei%h'our, and ha-in% thu a"=uired the )o&er to )ur"hae, at a hi%h )ri"e, a -at 'ody o. &i#d #and that &ou#d, in the natura# "oure o. e-ent, ha-e 'een 'rou%ht &ithin the nion, in reaona'#e ti$e, &ithout the "ot o. a do##ar or a #i.e 4y u"h $en, the .ittin% out o. e<)edition .or the )ur)oe o. )rodu"in% "i-i# &ar a$on% our nei%h'our o. +u'a, i he#d to 'e another e-iden"e o. %rand*eur ther &ou#d ha-e u to $i< oure#-e u) &ith a## the re-o#utionit o. Euro)e> &hi#e a .ourth and #at et i%h at the re.#e"tion that our .#eet and ar$ie are too $a## .or the $a%ni.i"en"e o. our )oition4y o$e it i u))oed that our ;$iion; i that o. $ono)o#i?in% "o$$er"e o. the &or#d, and the ti$e i an<iou#y #ooed .or &hen &e ha## ha-e ;di)*#o$ati" re#ation; &ith ;-at re%ion o. the Eat,; @eria, +orea, +o"hin*+hina, 4ur$ah and Ja)an, &ith &ho$ ;nothin% 'ut the tea$*hi) "an u""e.u##y introdu"e our "o$$er"e; 4y ;)ere-erin% and u""e.u# e..ort,; it i thou%ht &e $ay e"ure the ;"o$$er"e o. Ja)an;The "ot o. a $iion to Ja)an &ou#d 'ui#d ha#. a do?en .urna"e that &ou#d add $ore to the &ea#th o. the nation in .i-e year than the "o$$er"e o. that
 
"ountry &ou#d do in ha#. a "enturyThe a$ount &e ha-e e<)ended on the $iion to Autria, in ear"h o. a $aret .or to'a""o, &ou#d 'rin% here a $any :er$an a &ou#d "onu$e a#$ot a $u"h o. our to'a""o a i no& "onu$ed in the e$)ire, and thoe to'a""o, "onu$er &ou#d do $ore .or the %ro&th o. Ne& 7or than either Ja)an or AutriaThe En%#ih do"trine o. ;hi), "o#onie, and "o$$er"e; i thu re)rodu"ed on thi ide o. the At#anti", and it ado)tion 'y the nation &ou#d 'e .o##o&ed  'y e..e"t i$i#ar to thoe &hi"h ha-e 'een a#ready de"ri'ed a e<itin% in En%#and There, .or a ti$e, it %a-e the )o&er to ta< the &or#d .or the $ain*tenan"e o. .#eet and ar$ie, a had 'e.ore 'een done 'y Athen and 'y Ro$e, and there it i no& )rodu"in% the a$e reu#t that ha-e e#e&here reu#ted .ro$ the a$e yte$, )o-erty, de)o)u#ation, e<haution, and &ea*ne4ut #itt#e tudy o. our hitory i re=uired to ati.y the in=uirer that the  )o&er o. the nion, and it $a%ni.i"ent )oition a$on% the nation o. the earth, are due to the .a"t that &e ha-e to o %reat an e<tent a'tained .ro$ $eaure re=uirin% the $aintenan"e o. .#eet and ar$ie The "one=uen"e ha 'een that ta<e ha-e 'een #i%ht, "a)ita# ha a""u$u#ated ra)id#y, #a'our ha 'een )rodu"ti-e, and the #a'ourer ha re"ei-ed &a%e that ha-e ena'#ed hi$ to .eed, "#othe, and edu"ate hi "hi#dren, and the nation ha thu )er*.or$ed it true ;$iion; in e#e-atin% the "ondition o. $an I. &e deire to .ind e<"e)tion to thi, &e $ut #oo to thoe )eriod in &hi"h the )o#i"y o. Wahin%ton, Je..eron, 5adion, 5onroe, and Ja"on, &a de)arted .ro$, and &hen the %o-ern$ent ado)ted $eaure tendin% to the $aintenan"e o. the En%#ih $ono)o#y o. $a"hinery, and there &e ha## .ind ta<e $ore hea-y, "a)ita# a""u$u#atin% $ore #o&#y, #a'our $ore un)rodu"ti-e, and the &a%e o. #a'our o $u"h de)reed that the #a'ourer .ind it di..i"u#t to .eed or "#othe hi "hi#dren, and ti## $ore di..i"u#t to edu"ate the$T&o yte$ are 'e.ore the &or#d> the one #oo to in"reain% the )ro)or*tion o. )eron and o. "a)ita# en%a%ed in trade and tran)ortation, and there.ore to di$inihin% the )ro)ortion en%a%ed in )rodu"in% "o$$oditie &ith &hi"h to trade, &ith
necessarily
di$inihed return to the #a'our o. a##> &hi#e the other #oo to in"reain% the )ro)ortion en%a%ed in the &or o.  )rodu"tion, and di$inihin% that en%a%ed in trade and tran)ortation, &ith in"reaed return to a##, %i-in% to the #a'ourer %ood &a%e, and to the o&ner o. "a)ita# %ood )ro.it ne #oo to in"reain% the =uantity o. ra& $ateria# to 'e e<)orted, and di$inihin% the indu"e$ent to the i$)ort o. $en, thu i$)o-erihin% 'oth .ar$er and )#anter 'y thro&in% on the$ the 'urden o.

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