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operations management

operations management

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Published by melissa_macapagal

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Published by: melissa_macapagal on Oct 09, 2009
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04/18/2013

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N)J {bdrx bn{xdr~ de Mpce Enijik` Bdp{`
Mpce Enijik` Bdp{` "MEB. n{ di` de xb` gd{x {pkk`{{epc jih niidujxnu`N{cjgnk niu`{xg`ix ojia{ ni xb` Gnhhc` @j{x) MEB {v`knjcn|`{ ni xb`nh`ixnenkjxndi jih h`u`cdvg`ix de ninxnjxnu`{ xbjx picdka dvvdrxpinx~ jihjkk`c`rjx` `kdidgnk mrd}xb) ]nxb j edkp{ di xb` kdik`vxndi jih h`cnu`r~de bnmb ujcp` `kdidgnk nierj{xrpkxpr` vrdl`kx{ kprr`ixc~ ujcp`h jx du`r P[(?6 onccndi MEB n{ {`x edr jidxb`r }jx`r{b`h ~`jr "MEB deenknjc }`o{nx`.)MEB vpr{p`{ j pinzp` op{ni`{{ gdh`c xbjx kdi{n{x`ixc~ dpxv`redrg{ xb`gjra`x# h`cnu`rnim bnmb r`xpri{ di kcn`ix `zpnx~ ni {pkk`{{nu` vrdl`kx{ j{`unh`ik`h o~ xb` 5: % nikr`j{` ni vrdenx{ xd P[ (;86 gnccndi hprnim ?66=)Xb` MKK niu`{xg`ix kdggpinx~ bdch{ MEB ni bnmb r`mjrh jih kdixnip` xdh`gdi{xrjx` xb` ejnxb xb`~ bdch ni dpr joncnx~ xd gjnixjni j vnv`cni` de bnmb ujcp` ninxnjxnu`{)MEB bj{ {`u`rjc vrdhpkx cni`{# rjimnim erdg r`xjnc ojianim pv xd bnmb'c`u`c niu`{xg`ix ojianim) Bd}`u`r# xb` kprr`ix xbrp{x de xb` op{ni`{{ cn`{}nxb nx{ bnmb ujcp` vrdl`kx{# }bnkb jr` odxb `xr`g`c~ un{noc` j{ }`cc j{o`i`enknjc xd xb` kdggpinxn`{ }b`r` xb`{` jr` cdkjx`h)
NN)Xb` edkp{ de xbn{ vjv`r
Xb` jpxbdr bj{ o``i mnu`i xb` er``hdg xd kbdd{` xb` xbrp{x de xbn{ vjv`r1jih j{ {pkb# xbn{ vjv`r xb`i edkp{`{ di dv`rjxndi{ gjijm`g`ixngvrdu`g`ix jih ngvc`g`ixjxndi)Bd}`u`r# }nxb {pkb j ordjh xdvnk# nx }dpch o` o`{x edr {pohnun{ndi{ xd o`h`cni`jx`h# xb`r`o~ kr`jxnim j gdr` vrdedpih jvvr`knjxndi de xb` {v`knenkjvvcnkjxndi de xb` xb`drn`{ hn{kp{{`h ni xb` kcj{{rddg)
J)NixrdhpkxndiDo{xjkc`{
ejknim kdgvjin`{ ni xdhj~-{ b~v`r'kdgv`xnxnu` mcdojcgjra`x{ jr` {``gnimc~ gdr` kdgvc` xbji `u`r# xd xb` vdnix xbjxgjijm`r{ gp{x r`xbnia gji~ de xb` oj{nk vrniknvc`{ de mddh dv`rjxndi{gjijm`g`ix# "Bj~`{# _) `x jc# ?668.
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n{ j{~{x`gjxnk vrdk`{{ de gjijmnim rdpxni` jih idi'rdpxni` dv`rjxndi jihgjnix`ijik` xj{a{ ni drh`r xd jkbn`u` h`{nr`h r`{pcx{ "Jrj{gnxb# [) `xjc)# ?668.)Oj{`h di }bjx bj{ o``i g`ixndi`h drmjin|jxndi{ xdhj~ gp{x o` joc`xd h`jc }nxb xb`nr mrd}nim kdgvc`nxn`{ ni gjijm`g`ix p{nim `ee`kxnu`Dv`rjxndi{ gjijm`g`ix) Mpce Enijik` Bdp{`# n{ idx ji ``gvxndi# nidrh`r xd kdgv`x` ni xb` `u`r kbjimnim jih `u`r kbjcc`imnim op{ni`{{}drch dv`rjxndi{ gjijm`g`ix gp{x o` `gvcd~`h)
 
Xb` edccd}nim hn{kp{{ndi{# vr`{`ix{ {xrjx`mn`{ di bd} MEB ngvc`g`ix{dv`rjxndi{ gjijm`g`ix ni nx{ drmjin|jxndijc kbjcc`im`{# }bnkb jr`o`i`enknjc xd xb` kdgvji~)
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Xb` Vrdoc`g `ikdpix`r`h o~ xb` drmjin|jxndi
Jx xb` di{`x# nx gp{x o` pih`r{xddh xbjx MEB `ikdpix`r{ {`u`rjcvrdoc`g{ jcc xbrdpmbdpx xb` drmjin|jxndi jih jcc xbrdpmbdpx nx{ vrdhpkxcni`) Bd}`u`r# ni xb` nix`r`{x de or`unx~ jih xbn{ vjv`r# dic~ j {v`knenkvrdoc`g }ncc o` xjkac`h)Xb` u`r~ ijxpr` de niu`{xg`ix ojianim c`ih{ nx{`ce xd j vrdl`kx'oj{`hdv`rjxndijc `iunrdig`ix# xbp{ nikr`j{nim xb` kdgvc`nx~ de xb` xj{a{xb`g{`cu`{# j{ }`cc j{ xb` r`zpnr`g`ix{ di xb` v`r{dii`c niudcu`h ni`jkb vrdl`kx)Xb` vrdoc`g n{ {ngvc~ {jnh< ]bjx jr` xb` vrdk`{{`{ r`zpnr`h ni drh`rxd {pvvdrx xb` h`u`cdvg`ix de vrdhpkx{ jih {`runk`{ xbjx g``x xb`r`zpnr`g`ix{ de xb` vrdl`kx4Bd}`u`r# xb` vrdoc`g n{ gjminen`h o~ xb` ipgo`r de kdikprr`ixvrdl`kx{ jih eprxb`r gjh` gdr` hneenkpcx o~ cngnx`h r`{dprk`{ jih xb``x`ix de xb` kdgvji~„{ nierj{xrpkxpr`) Hr) ]dim "?66=.# ni xb`ni{xrpkxndijc gdhpc`# vdnix{ dpx xb` ejkx xbjx niu`{xg`ix ojianimr`zpnr`{ j cjrm`r jgdpix de vrdhpkx "jih kdniknh`ixjc vrdk`{{. ujrn`x~jih kddrhnijxnim j ujrn`hc~ {ancc`h {pvvdrx }draedrk`)[v`knenkjcc~# xb` vrdoc`g cn`{ idx {dc`c~ ni kr`jxnim xb` h`{nr`h vrdhpkxujrn`x~# opx jc{d ni xb` jujncjoncnx~ de zpjcnen`h {ancc`h v`r{dii`c jih{xrpkxprnim de xb`nr xj{a{ ni drh`r xd gjngn|` xb` kprr`ix {ancc {`x}bnc` jccd}nim edr eprxb`r mrd}xb)Dv`rjxndijc Gjijm`g`ix vcj~{ j {nminenkjix rdc` ni xbn{ kj{` xbrdpmbvrdk`{{ h`{nmi j{ }`cc j{ ldo h`{nmi) Xb` gdhpc` jkaid}c`hm`{ xbn{ejkx o~ bnmbcnmbxnim xb` r`cjxndi{bnv o`x}``i xb`{` x}d "]dim# {cnh`=:.) Jhhnxndijcc~# DG xb`drn`{ jr` jvvcn`h xd gja` jujncjoc` jcc xb`i`k`{{jr~ nivpx{ r`zpnr`h xd kdgvc`x` j vrdl`kx# }nxbni xb` {v`knen`hxng` jih ophm`x "Kdb`i# G) J) jih B) C) C``) :>2>.
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Jijc~{n{ de xb` Vrdoc`g
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Ni xb` {`u`rjc vrdl`kx{ de MEB# xb`r` bju` o``i {`u`rjc ni{xjik`{}b`r`ni xb` kdgvji~ bj{ o``i xj{a`h xd gjijm` xb` `ixnr` vrdl`kx#erdg h`{nmi jcc xb` }j~ xd kdgvc`xndi# nikcphnim jcc r`cjx`h {pvvc~ jihujcp` kbjni{)Xb` b`jrx de xb` vrdoc`g cn`{ ni xb` {v`knenk h`{nmi de xb` vrdk`{{`{jih {pvvdrxnim ldo{ edr `jkb vrdl`kx jgdim j vc`xbdrj de dxb`rvrdl`kx{) ]bnc` kp{xdgn|jxndi gj~ o` {xr`imxb de xb` MEB vdrxedcnd# nxjc{d ornim{ nx{ {bjr` de vnxejcc{ jih kdi{xrjnix{)@jkb vrdl`kx n{ ni nx{`ce pinzp`# `u`i xbdpmb h`{nmi{ gj~ o` {bjr`h#xb` knrkpg{xjik`{ jih u`r~ ijxpr` de xb` vrdl`kx }dpch {`x nx jvjrxerdg xb` r`{x) Ni xbn{ {`i{`# kr`jxnim j vrdl`kx }dpch jc{d g`ji xb`kr`jxndi de xj{a{ xbjx jr` pinzp` xd nx)Nx gp{x o` gjh` kc`jr xbjx MEB n{ idx niudcu`h ni xb` jkxpjckdi{xrpkxndi de xb` nierj{xrpkxpr` vrdl`kx{1 rjxb`r# nx vcj~{ xb` rdc` de odxb orda`r jih kcn`ix jx xb` {jg` xng`) Jih ni jcc kj{`{# MEB jc{dvcj~{ xb` vjrx de {`runk` jih vrdhpkx vrdunh`r xd nx{ d}i kcn`ix{#c`ihnim nx{`ce xd xb` jvvcnkjxndi de u`rxnkjc nix`mrjxndi)Dv`rjxndi{ Gjijm`g`ix# ni `jkb nihnunhpjc kj{`# n{ xb`i xj{a`h xdkr`jx` {pvvdrxnim }dra g`xbdh{# hrjexnim de vrdkpr`g`ix vdcnkn`{ jihkdrr`{vdihnim {xjihjrh{# jih xb` h`{nmi de xb` {pvvc~ kbjni ni drh`rxd `i{pr` xbjx xb` vrdl`kx }ncc g``x nx{ h`jhcni`) ]nxb xbn{ v`r{v`kxnu`#nx gj~ o` j{ }`cc vd{{noc` edr `jkb vrdl`kx xd bju` nx{ d}i {`x de dv`rjxndi{ gjijm`g`ix vrdk`{{`{# vdcnkn`{ jih mpnh`cni`{)Xb` u`r~ kjp{`# xb`i# n{ ni xb` cjka de j {`x de {xjihjrhn|`h vrdk`hpr`{jih kdggdi }dra vrdk`{{`{ xbjx jr` i``h`h xd `i{pr` xbjx xb`i`k`{{jr~ r`{dprk`{ jr` {kb`hpc`h jih jccdkjx`h vrdv`rc~ jkrd{{ xb`hnee`r`ix `ih`judr{)
Xb` vrdoc`g hd`{ idx cn` }nxb xb` dv`rjxndi{gjijm`g`ix ni ji nihnunhpjc vrdl`kx1 xb` vrdoc`g cn`{ ni xb`dv`rjxndi{ gjijm`g`ix de xb` kdcc`kxnu` vrdl`kx{ jx xb` ojkadeenk` c`u`c
)Xb` kddrhnijxndi de {`u`rjc hn{vjrjx` xj{a{ du`r gpcxnvc` kdikprr`ixvrdl`kx{ }dpch gja` edr j b`rkpc`ji xj{a de gdinxdrnim# xrjkanim jihr`vdrxnim xb` vrdmr`{{ ni `jkb# jih idx xd g`ixndi xb` xj{a de jccdkjxnim jih rdxjxnim a`~ r`{dprk`{ jgdim jih o`x}``i `jkbvrdl`kx) Ojka deenk` xj{a{ kdik`ri`h }nxb xb` kddrhnijxndi jihjccdkjxndi de r`{dprk`{ p{pjcc~ kdiedrg xd xb` vrdl`kx# ni{x`jh de xb`dvvd{nx`)J{ g`ixndi`h `jrcn`r# xbn{ n{ eprxb`r kdgvcnkjx`h o~ xb` nikcp{ndi de bpgji ejkxdr{ nixd xb` vrdl`kx nx{`ce) Ni xb` kj{` de MEB# {`u`rjc dxb`rpir`cjx`h ejkxdr{ c`jhnim xd xb` {bdrxjm` dr pijujncjoncnx~ de a`~

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