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High Priests List

High Priests List

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List of High Priests during the First and Second Temple
List of High Priests during the First and Second Temple

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Published by: Rabbi Benyomin Hoffman on Oct 10, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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בי ,וכ) םולש יתירב תא ול ןתנ יננה רמא ןבל)() - םילודג םינהוכ100-ןכל לש 'מג) סחנפמ םינב (100 ) ןושאר תיבב18)עושיבאיקביזעהיחרזתוירמהירמאבוטיחאקודצםולשץעמיחאהירזעןנחויהירזעהירמאבוטיחאקודצהיקלחהירזע) תולגב2)הירשקדצוהי) ינש תיבב80)
High Priests of Israel
From the Exodus to the Babylonian Exile
Aaron, during the Exodus from Egypt
Eleazar, son of Aaron
Phinehas, son of Eleazar 
Abishua, son of Phineas
Bukki, son of Abishua
Uzzi, son of Bukki
Eli, descendant of Itamar, son of Aaron
Ahitub, son of Phinehas, grandson of Eli
Ahijah, son of Ahitub
Ahimelech,son of Ahijah, High Priest during the reign of King Saul 
Abiathar , son of Ahimelech, High Priest during the reign of KingDavid 
Zadok ,son of Ahitub of the line of Eleazar, High Priest at the construction of the 1st Temple
Ahimaaz, son of Zadok, High Priest during the reign of KingSolomon 
Azariah, son of Ahimaaz
Joash,son of Azariah
Jehoiarib, son of Joash
Jehosaphat,son of Jehoiarib
Jehoiada, son of Jehosaphat (c. 930 - 800 BCE)
Pediah,son of Jehoiada
Zedekiah,son of Pediah
Azariah II, son of Zedekiah
Jotham,son of Azariah
Uriah, son of Jotham
Azariah III, son of Uriah
Hoshaiah, son of Azariah
Shallum, son of Hoshaiah
Hilkiah, son of Shallum
Seriah,son of Hilkiah, the last High Priest before the destruction of the Temple in 586 AD
During the Babylonian Exile Jehozadek , son of Seriah After the Babylonian Exile
Joshua,son of Jehozadek, ca. 515-490 BC, after the restoration of the Temple
Joiakim, son of Joshua, ca. 490-470 BC
Eliashib, son of Joiakim, ca. 470-433 BC
Jaddua, son of Eliashib, ca. 433-410 BC
Johanan, son of Joiada, ca. 410-371 BC
Jaddua, son of Johanan, ca. 371-320 BC, during the reign of Alexander the Great 
Onias I, son of Jaddua, ca. 320-280 BC
Simon I, son of Onias, ca. 280-260 BC
Eleazar , son of Onias, ca. 260-245 BC
Manasseh, son of Jaddua, ca. 245-240 BC
Onias II, son of Simon, ca. 240-218 BC
Simon II, son of Onias, 218-185 BC
Onias III, son of Simon, 185-175 BC, murdered 170 BC
Jason,son of Simon 175-172 BC
Menelaus172-162 BC
Onias IV,son of Onias III, fled to Egypt and built a Jewish Temple atLeontopolis  (closed in 66 AD)
Alcimus162-159 BC
It is unknown who held the position of High Priest of Jeruslam between Alcimus'death and the accession of Jonathan. Josephus, in
 Jewish Antiquities
, once suggests that JudasMaccabee, the brother of Jonathan, held the office during this period; Judas had in fact already died. Ithas been argued that the founder of the Qumran community, the Teacher of Righteousness (MorehZedek), was the outcast High Priest of the inter-sacerdotium. In this view, his name was wiped out byhis Maccabean successor, supported by both the extant records: the Books of Maccabees and Josephus(who claimed kinship with the Maccabees). There are indeed persuasive arguments for the existence of a High Priest through these six years. In religious terms, it seems unlikely that the Day of Atonementwould have been allowed to pass uncelebrated for so long so soon after the restoration of the Templeservice. Politically, Israel's overlords probably would not have allowed a power vacuum to last thatlength of time.
Jonathan Apphus153-143 BC
Simeon Tassi142-134 BC
John Hyrcanus I134-104 BC
Aristobulus I104-103 BC
John Hyrcanus II(restored) 63-40 BC
Antigonus40-37 BC
High Priest under Herodians and Romans
Ananelus37-36 BC
Ananelus(restored) 36-30 BC
Joshua ben Sie3 BC-6 AD
Jonathan ben Ananus44 (restored)
Ishmael ben Fabus56-62 (restored?)

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