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Officers Liasic

Officers Liasic

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Published by neoeverest
THE IMPACT OF HUMAN RIGHTS LAWS ON SECURITY OPERATIONS
THE IMPACT OF HUMAN RIGHTS LAWS ON SECURITY OPERATIONS

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Published by: neoeverest on Oct 10, 2009
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05/12/2010

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THE IMPACT OF HUMAN RIGHTS LAWS ON SECURITYOPERATIONS
Human Rights as defined by the United Nations (UN) are thoserights, which are inherent in our nature and without which we cannotlive as human beings. Fundamental Human Rights are rights whichrepresent demands or claims which the individual or group make onsociety. Human Rights have also been defined as the commonlanguage of humanity. Apart from the UN Charter, the African charter and the 1999 Constitution, the function of a guaranteed HumanRights in our constitution is to impose limitation upon the actions of the state, which of curse include security operatives existing withinsuch a state.
According to Dr. Rolf HUNNENMAN “human rights call” upon stateto protect vulnerable individuals and group against oppression.Oppression involves the extreme misuse of State power and includethe use of state machinery with oppressive interest groups”. Thissame author also noted that international law imposes duties liabilitiesupon individual as upon state, conversely individual or group humanright actions should be lawful in order to expect reciprocal protectionfrom the state.
In our new democratic dispensation, many mischief makers havehidden under the cloak of human right to unleash terror on their fellowNigerians under one guise or the other. It is not hidden secret that insome of the underlisted instance the killings were politicallymotivated. These instances are as follows:
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a.
Killings in Shagamu, Kaduna, reprisal killings in the East,Banditry and extra judicial killings in many parts of the country, theactivities of OPC. APC, Egbesu, Mossop. These case have negativeimpact on national security. Security operations into some of thesecases revealed that the underlying motives of the perpetrators f theseunwholesome acts, hiding under the cloak of human rights arebasically political laced with religion.
Situation where discredited politician and those who have fallenout of favour with government, hide under the cloak of human rightsto cause security problem should be condemned by all well meaningNigerians. Security should be seen as a collective responsibility of all.It is therefore incumbent on all peace loving Nigerians to furnishinformation considered to be inimical to the interest of the entity calledNigeria to security agencies and their agents for further action.
In a layman’s language, security simply means freedom fromdanger or anxiety. And when viewed professionally, we can say that itis a condition achieved when classified information and materials aresuccessfully protected from loss, disclosure, espionage, sabotage,and personnel protected against subversion. Security operations onthe other hand, can be refereed to as the totality of activities carriedout by security agencies in the discharge of their statutory roles andfunctions. In Nigeria, a lot of agencies are responsible for carrying outsecurity operations in order to protect the state, the individual or group from threats or danger to their normal existence. Agencies thatcarry out one from of security operation include:
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The Military;The Customs;The Immigration;The Prison Service;The National Intelligence Agency (NIA); anThe State Security Service (SSS).
For the purpose of this paper, we shall consider the impact of Human Right Laws on security Operations, conducted by the StateSecurity Service (SSS). By virtue of Cap 278 Laws of the federation1990, and the SSS Instrument No. 1 of 1999, the SSS shall beresponsible for the prevention and detection within Nigeria of anycrime against security. The Protection and preservation of all non-military classified matters within Nigeria as the National Assembly or the. President as the case may be may deed necessary. The SSS isalso responsible for the prevention, detection and investigation of threats of Espionage, Subversions Sabotage, Economic crimes of National dimension, terrorist activities, and the provision of timelyadvice to government on all matters of National Security interest,vetting of prospective appointees to public offices etc.
MENTION ITEMS
a. Section 33— Right of Life;b. Section 34 — Right to dignity of Human person;c. Section 35 — Right to personal liberty;d. Section 36 — Right to fair Hearing;e. Section 37 — Right to private and Fam1y Life;
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