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Constitution of India

Constitution of India

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Published by: nitinmittal26386 on Oct 10, 2009
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Constitution of India
Basic Structure of Indian Economy: The structure of Indian economy is basically dependent upon two things:1.Rights 2. DutiesRights here implies the fundamental rights of any indian citizen which start rightfrom the date of birth of a person and it continues even after the death of a personi.e. the decent funeral of a person.Article 21: Start before birth which end till funeral of a person.Article 19: Right of freedom of expression.
Framing of Constitution of India $5
B.R. Ambedkar
was the chairman of drafting committee of constitution of drafting committee of constitution of India.Constitutional committee was consisting of 299 members in 1947 wheresome seats were reserved for low castes also. Then the discussions were made during the period regarding the constitutionfor 2 year 11 months 18 days.Cabinet minister plan: 1946 Total Articles : 395 Total schedule : 12 Total parts : 24
 
 The constitute assemble held its first meeting on december 9, 1946 andelected Dr. Sachidanand Sinha as its provisional head (president) and itspermanent president was Dr. Rajendra Prasad on December 11, 1946 There were two separate constituent assembly for india & Pakistan and therewere 13 committee were consitituted & 14
th
committee was draftingcommittee of constitution which finally made the constitution of india headedby B.R. Ambedkar. The draft of constitution of India is signed on January 24, 1950 and it cameinto force on January 26, 1950. The major part of constitution on january 20,1950 but in totalitiy, it came into force on january 26, 1950. E.g. citizenshipelection etc.Govt. of India Act, 1935 (75% of the constitution of India is taken from theact & remaining is taken from : -1.Fundamental rights, USA2.DPSP: Directive Principle of State Policy, Ireland3.Rule of law: UK 
4.
Fundamental duties : ussr
5.
Republic equality, liberty, fraternity: france
6.
Lists from australia. We had taken three list from australia: Union List,State list and concurrent list.Preamble:Preamble is the part of constitution so it can be ammended. To interpret theconstitution the final authority is Supreme court.Objective:
1.
Soverienty of the nation2.To establish democratic union3.Republic: Where head of state is elected by public4.Secularism and socialism5.To eradicate poverty and give employment to all.Features of constitution:1.The bulkiest constitution of world containing 395 articles.2.Combination of rigidity and flexibility
 
3.Parliamentary system of government4.Federal system with unitary bias.5.Fundamental rights and duties6.Secular state
7.
Indipendent juduciary: Present law minister: Mr. Bhardwaj
8.
Panchayati RaajArticles:
Article 1 to 4:
Nation India: In 2000, Three states are created.
Article 5 to 11:
CitizenshipIn India, we have only single citizenship.citizenship can be attained through1. By birth2. By living in India for 6 months then application and then can be acquired
Article 12 to 35
: Fundamental RightsArticle 12: What is state?Article 13:Article 226: Go to High courtArticle 32: Go to Supreme court for any discrepency in case of violation of fundamental rights.Article 14-18: Right to equalityArticle 14: Equality before lawArticle 15-16: everybody is equal except SC, ST & others (OBC) ineducational institution.Article 15(5): there is reservation given to OBC in central governmenteducational institution.Article 16: in case of employment everyone is equal except SC/ST & others.Article 17: Abolition of untouchability

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