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Principles of Mining by Herbert Hoover

Principles of Mining by Herbert Hoover

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http://www.gutenberg.org/files/26697/26697-h/26697-h.htm#page_1
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2/23/2014 Principles of Mininghttp://www.gutenberg.org/files/26697/26697-h/26697-h.htm 1/117
The Project Gutenberg EBook of Principles of Mining, by Herbert C. HooverThis eBook is for the use of anyone anywhere at no cost and withalmost no restrictions whatsoever. You may copy it, give it away orre-use it under the terms of the Project Gutenberg License includedwith this eBook or online at www.gutenberg.netTitle: Principles of Mining Valuation, Organization and AdministrationAuthor: Herbert C. HooverRelease Date: September 24, 2008 [EBook #26697]Language: EnglishCharacter set encoding: ISO-8859-1*** START OF THIS PROJECT GUTENBERG EBOOK PRINCIPLES OF MINING ***Produced by Robert J. Hall
PRINCIPLES OF MINING
Published by theMcGraw-Hill Book Company New York  Successors to the Book Departments of theMcGraw Publishing CompanyHill Publishing Company Electrical WorldThe Engineering and Mining JournalEngineering RecordPower and The EngineeElectric Railway JournalAmerican MachinistMetallurgical and Chemical Engineering
PRINCIPLES OF MINING
VALUATION, ORGANIZATION AND ADMINISTRATION
COPPER, GOLD, LEAD, SILVER, TIN AND ZINC
 
2/23/2014 Principles of Mininghttp://www.gutenberg.org/files/26697/26697-h/26697-h.htm 2/117
BY
HERBERT C. HOOVER 
 Member American Institute of Mining Engineers, Mining and Metallurgical Society of America, Société des Ingénieurs Civils de France, Fellow Royal Geographical Society, etc.
F
IRST
 E
DITION
 FOURTH THOUSAND
McGRAW-HILL BOOK COMPANY
239 WEST 39TH STREET, NEW YORK BOUVERIE STREET, LONDON, E.C.1909
PREFACE.
This volume is a condensation of a series of lectures delivered in part at Stanford and in part atColumbia Universities. It is intended neither for those wholly ignorant of mining, nor for those longexperienced in the profession.The bulk of the material presented is the common heritage of the profession, and if any one maythink there is insufficient reference to previous writers, let him endeavor to find to whom the origin of our methods should be credited. The science has grown by small contributions of experience since,or before, those unnamed Egyptian engineers, whose works prove their knowledge of manyfundamentals of mine engineering six thousand eight hundred years ago. If I have contributed onesentence to the accumulated knowledge of a thousand generations of engineers, or have thrown onenew ray of light on the work, I shall have done my share.I therefore must acknowledge my obligations to all those who have gone before, to all that has been written that I have read, to those engineers with whom I have been associated for many years,and in particular to many friends for kindly reply to inquiry upon points herein discussed.
CONTENTS.
CHAPTER 1.V
ALUATION
 
OF
 C
OPPER 
, G
OLD
, L
EAD
, S
ILVER 
, T
IN
,
AND
 Z
INC
 L
ODE
 M
INES
Determination of average metal content; sampling, assay plans, calculations of averages, percentage of errors in estimate from sampling. CHAPTER II.M
INE
 V
ALUATION
 (
Continued 
)Calculation of quantities of ore, and classification of ore in sight. CHAPTER III.M
INE
 V
ALUATION
 (
Continued 
)Prospective value. Extension in depth; origin and structural character of the deposit;secondary enrichment; development in neighboring mines; depth of exhaustion. CHAPTER IV.M
INE
 V
ALUATION
 (
Continued 
)
Page iiiPage v
 
2/23/2014 Principles of Mininghttp://www.gutenberg.org/files/26697/26697-h/26697-h.htm 3/117
Recoverable percentage of the gross assay value; price of metals; cost of production. CHAPTER V.M
INE
 V
ALUATION
 (
Continued 
)Redemption or amortization of capital and interest. CHAPTER VI.M
INE
 V
ALUATION
 (
Continued 
)Valuation of mines with little or no ore in sight; valuations on second-hand data; generalconduct of examinations; reports. CHAPTER VII.D
EVELOPMENT
 
OF
 M
INES
Entry to the mine; tunnels; vertical, inclined, and combined shafts; location and number of shafts. CHAPTER VIII.D
EVELOPMENT
 
OF
 M
INES
 (
Continued 
)Shape and size of shafts; speed of sinking; tunnels. CHAPTER IX.D
EVELOPMENT
 
OF
 M
INES
 (
Continued 
)Subsidiary development: stations; crosscuts; levels; interval between levels; protection of levels; winzes and rises. Development in the prospecting stage; drilling. CHAPTER X.S
TOPING
Methods of ore-breaking; underhand stopes; overhand stopes; combined stope. Valuing orein course of breaking. CHAPTER XI.M
ETHODS
 
OF
 S
UPPORTING
 E
XCAVATION
Timbering; filling with waste; filling with broken ore; pillars of ore; artificial pillars; cavingsystem. CHAPTER XII.M
ECHANICAL
 E
QUIPMENT
Conditions bearing on mine equipment; winding appliances; haulage equipment in shafts;lateral underground transport; transport in stopes. CHAPTER XIII.M
ECHANICAL
 E
QUIPMENT
 (
Continued 
)Drainage: controlling factors; volume and head of water; flexibility; reliability; power conditions; mechanical efficiency; capital outlay. Systems of drainage,—steam pumps,compressed-air pumps, electrical pumps, rod-driven pumps, bailing; comparative value of various systems. CHAPTER XIV.
Page vi

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