flow of unit sustainment training. The soldiers graduating from selectedresident training courses have been trained to maintain their MGs and tohit a variety of targets. They have learned range determination, targetdetection, application of marksmanship fundamentals, and other skillsneeded to engage a target. Task training during these courses may lead toqualification.d. Training continues in units on the basic skills taught in combatarms. Additional skills, such as suppressive fire and supporting fire, aretrained and then integrated into collective training exercises, whichinclude platoon and squad live-fire STXs. (A unit-marksmanship trainingprogram is explained in Chapter 5.) The strategy for sustaining the basicmarksmanship skills taught in combat arms is periodic preliminaryinstruction, followed by qualification range firing. However, a unit mustset up a year-round program to sustain skills. Key elements includetraining of trainers and refresher training of nonfiring skills.e. Additional skills trained in the unit include techniques foremployment, suppressive fires,night fire, MOPP firing, and movingtargets. Related soldier skills of camouflage, cover and concealment,maneuver, and preparation and selection of a fighting position areaddressed in STP 21-24-SMCT, which must be integrated into tacticaltraining.f. In the unit, individual and leader proficiency of marksmanship tasksare integrated into collective training to include squad, section, andplatoon drills and STXs. The collective tasks in these exercises, and howthey are planned and conducted, are in the MTP and battle drill books foreach organization. Based on the type organization, collective tasks areevaluated to standard and discussed during leader and trainer after-actionreviews. Objective evaluations of both individual and unit proficiencyprovide readiness indicators and future training requirements.g. A critical step in the Army’s overall marksmanship training strategyis to train the trainers and leaders first. Leader courses and unitpublications develop officer and NCO proficiencies necessary to plan andconduct marksmanship training and to evaluate the effectiveness of unitmarksmanship programs. Training support materials are provided by theproponent schools to include field manuals, training aids, devices,simulators, and programs that are doctrinal foundations and guidance fortraining the force.h. Once the soldier understands the weapon and has demonstratedskill in zeroing, additional live-fire training and a target acquisitionexercise at various ranges are conducted. Target types and scenarios of increasing difficulty must be mastered to develop proficiency.