A S5IP 0ESI;N PR6E0?RE :A,1and also to develop" in detail" a design capable o !eeting the special re#uire!ents desired. The preli!inary design stage is thus the CcornerstoneD o the whole procedure. I this stage does not consider all the i!portant ite!s or i the data on which the calculations are based are inade#uate or the purpose" it is probable that !odiications to the preli!inary deter!ined values will be ound necessary as the detailed design progresses" The a!ount o repetition o detailed design calculations" and thereore wasted ti!e" will depend on the stage in the design procedure at which the inade#uacy is discovered.
Fig. 2. Diagram showing interdependence of parameters in preliminary design
The calculations !ade in the preli!inary design stage can be #uite co!plicated due to the interdependence o the various actors involved" as shown i 8ig. ). To avoid ti!e&wasting repetition" the order o the calculations !ust be arranged so that each step logically ollows the previous steps and only uses values deter!ined in these steps. It is o great assistance to have a su!!ary sheet on which the speciied particulars are entered beore the design co!!ences and" as each stage in the design calculations is co!pleted" the relevant values deter!ined are entered on the sheet. The su!!ary then acts as a reerence" co!parison and progress sheet during the period o the design. 8or! I is a su!!ary sheet suitable or this purpose. All the or!s reerred to appear in the Appendix.B. It is possible to derive suitable di!ensions or a design by considering only three sets o para!eters" but it is not possible to say ro! such an exa!ination that the resulting design is the opti!u! design.
___________________________________ Nomenclature ___________________________________
The sy!bols listed herein are used in the paper without urther description. 6thers abbreviations and sy!bols which are not given in the No!encaleture are identiied elsewhere in the paper.
dhp shp ship correlation actor propulsive eiciencydelivered horsepower or power delivered to propeller shat horsepower 1,
5eight o transverse !etacenter above 91area i.e." waterplane areaBtransverse radius o gyration o waterplane
length between perpendiculars
block coeicientd drat: length between perpendiculars in or!ulasshp
!axi!u! continuous shat horsepower G
longitudinal radius o gyration o the ship+s !ass1 breadth !olded o ship;,
transverse !etacentric heights speciic gravity o salt water 0 depth !olded to upper!ost continuous deck EN
e#uip!ent nu!eral or superstructures H.4 x Jl
height o !etacenter above keel or baselinedwt deadweightl
superstructure total length andheight respectively
coeicient to take account o added !ass in heave:1 longitudinal center o buoyancyehp eective horsepower91 vertical center o buoyancyPP controllable&pitch propeller K resistance coeicient ')L.% x ehp M 9
E#uip!ent nu!eral or deckhouses H.L x Jl
Bc coeicient to take account o added !ass in pitch
MARINE TECHNOLOGY, OCTOBER 1969, pp. 362-405