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THE CHARACTERISTICS OF THE THREE UNITARY EUROPEAN DEMOCRACIES AND THE PHILIPPINES, AND THE EFFECTS TO THEIR PRESENT CONDITION: A COMPARATIVE STUDY

THE CHARACTERISTICS OF THE THREE UNITARY EUROPEAN DEMOCRACIES AND THE PHILIPPINES, AND THE EFFECTS TO THEIR PRESENT CONDITION: A COMPARATIVE STUDY

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A Research Paper submitted to the
Social Sciences Division
In Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements
for Political Science 175

Party SYstem, Electoral System and Bureaucracy of United Kingdom, France, Italy and the Philippines

Comparative Analysis
A Research Paper submitted to the
Social Sciences Division
In Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements
for Political Science 175

Party SYstem, Electoral System and Bureaucracy of United Kingdom, France, Italy and the Philippines

Comparative Analysis

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Categories:Types, Research
Published by: Cris Virgil Pescadero on Oct 11, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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 THE CHARACTERISTICS OF THE THREE UNITARY EUROPEAN DEMOCRACIES AND THE PHILIPPINES,AND THE EFFECTS TO THEIR PRESENT CONDITION:A COMPARATIVE STUDY _____________________________________________University of the Philippines VisayasCebu CollegeLahug, Cebu City ____________________________________________
 
A Research Paper submitted to theSocial Sciences DivisionIn Partial Fulfillment of the Requirementsfor Political Science 175 ____________________________________________
 
Researchers:Ferrer, Euvic M.Pescadero, Cris Virgil M.Tumulak, Karla Marie T. ____________________________________________
 
Adviser:Ms. Mae Claire Jabines13 March 2009
 
Comparative Politics on Unitary States |
1
 
Chapter IINTRODUCTION
This chapter discusses the foundations of the study. It aims to lay down the problem, what isbeing asked, the objectives of this study, and the definition of terms. Most importantly, it provides thelimitations of this study and the conceptual framework that the researchers followed.
Rationale
The distribution of powers in the government, through centralization or decentralization, isdetermined through the type of government system a state adopts. Centralization of powers refers to aUnitary type of government where power resides with the central government. Among the advantagesof a centralized government is the promotion of national unity through articulating the whole interestsof the whole nation and the uniformity of laws is carried out to promote mobility. However, acentralized form of government also leads to tendencies of rivalry among peripheries. The presence of oligarchs in the central government, especially through bureaucracy hampers the efficient delivery of basic services.In a unitary system of government, central government possesses all government authority. Interms of policy implementation, the central government controls all policy fields. The centralgovernment directly exercises it authority over the people however it can delegate some of its powersto the local governments through the devolution. Despite the powers transferred to the regional or localgovernment entities, the central government retains its exclusive control and supervision over the localunits.The extent of the distribution of powers in a unitary system is manifested through the electoralsystem, party system and the bureaucracy. Likewise, these essential features of the government carryout the characteristics of the unitary system.The researchers chose the comparative study of unitary states since the researchers saw thenecessity of relating the complex and various processes in a unitary system vis-à-vis the operations of the electoral system, party system and bureaucracy in United Kingdom, France, Italy and the Philippines.Furthermore, the status quo of these unitary states are included in the study and how the generalcharacteristics of the electoral system, party system and bureaucracy (through the lens of a unitarygovernment) affects the current conditions of United Kingdom, France, Italy and the Philippines.
 
Comparative Politics on Unitary States |
2
 
Statement of the Problem
The main concern of this research is to provide a comparative study on the characteristics of thethree unitary western democracies and the Philippines. Specifically, it aims to answer the followingquestions:1.
 
What are the general characteristics of a Unitary form of government?2.
 
What are the characteristics of the Electoral System and its effects on the current conditions of:a.
 
United Kingdom;b.
 
Italy;c.
 
France;d.
 
and the Philippines?3.
 
What are the characteristics of the Party System and Political Parties and its effects on thecurrent conditions of:a.
 
United Kingdom;b.
 
Italy;c.
 
France;d.
 
and the Philippines?4.
 
What are the characteristics of the Bureaucracy and its effects on the current conditions of:a.
 
United Kingdom;b.
 
Italy;c.
 
France;d.
 
and the Philippines?
Objectives
It aims to provide a qualitative comparative analysis on the characteristics of the Unitary form of government in UK, France, Italy and the Philippines. It also aims to underline the impacts of thesecharacteristics on the current situation of the four Unitary democracies. Specifically, its aims are:
 
To provide the general characteristics of a Unitary form of government in terms of electoralsystem, party system and bureaucracy.
 
To determine the characteristics of the Electoral System and its effects on the current conditionsof United Kingdom, France, Italy, and the Philippines.

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