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Steel Topic

Steel Topic

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Published by azher03
classification of steel
classification of steel

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Published by: azher03 on Oct 11, 2009
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04/04/2013

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Classification of Steels
 The Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE) has establishedstandards for specific analysis of steels. In the 10XX series, thefirst digit indicates a plain carbon steel. The second digit indicatesa modification in the alloys. 10XX means that it is a plain carbonsteel where the second digit (zero ) indicates that there is nomodification in the alloys. The last two digits denote the carboncontent in points. For example SAE 1040 is a carbon steel where40 points represent 0.40 % Carbon content. Alloy steels areindicated by 2XXX, 3XXX, 4XXX, etc.. The American Iron and SteelInstitute (AISI) in cooperation with the Society of AutomotiveEngineers (SAE) revised the percentages of the alloys to be usedin the making of steel, retained the numbering system, and addedletter prefixes to indicate the method used in steel making. Theletter prefixes are:A = alloy, basic open hearthB = carbon, acid BessemerC = carbon, basic open hearthD = carbon, acid open hearthE = electric furnaceIf the prefix is omitted, the steel is assumed to be open hearth.Example: AISI C1050 indicates a plain carbon, basic-open hearthsteel that has 0.50 % Carbon content.Another letter is the hardenability or H-value. Example: 4340HGeneral representation of steels:
 
SAE - AISI Number Classification1XXXCarbon steelsLow carbon steels: 0 to 0.25 % CMedium carbon steels: 0.25 to 0.55 % CHigh carbon steels: Above 0.55 % Carbon
 
2XXXNickel steels5 % Nickel increases the tensile strength without reducingductility.8 to 12 % Nickel increases the resistance to lowtemperature impact15 to 25 % Nickel (along with Al, Cu and Co) develop highmagnetic properties. (Alnicometals)25 to 35 % Nickel create resistance to corrosion at elevatedtemperatures.3XXXNickel-chromium steelsThese steels are tough and ductile and exhibit high wear resistance , hardenability and high resistance to corrosion.4XXXMolybdenum steelsMolybdenum is a strong carbide former. It has a strongeffect on hardenability and high temperature hardness.Molybdenum also increases the tensile strength of lowcarbon steels.5XXXChromium steelsChromium is a ferrite strengthener in low carbon steels. Itincreases the core toughness and the wear resistnace of thecase in carburized steels.86XX87XX93XX94XX97XX98XXTriple Alloy steels which include Nickel (Ni), Chromium(Cr), and Molybdenum (Mo).These steels exhibit high strength and also high strength toweight ratio, good corrosion resistance. 

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