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Tools & Techniques for Analyzing Livelihoods & Making Intervention

Tools & Techniques for Analyzing Livelihoods & Making Intervention

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Published by S.Rengasamy
Teaching material compiled by Mr.S.Rengasamy to supplement the class room teaching for MSW students specializing in community development in the colleges affiliated to Madurai Kamarai University,Tamilnadu, India
Teaching material compiled by Mr.S.Rengasamy to supplement the class room teaching for MSW students specializing in community development in the colleges affiliated to Madurai Kamarai University,Tamilnadu, India

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Published by: S.Rengasamy on Oct 11, 2009
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Madurai Institute of Social
S.Rengasamy- Tools & Techniques for Analyzing Livelihoods & Making Effective Intervention
Content Content Content Content 
Part I:Tools & Techniques for Livelihood Analysis & Intervention
The need & importance of tools in livelihood promotion 4Box Why investigate livelihoods 4Box DFID –Methods of livelihood analysis 5Box Various participatory methods & its uses 5Participatory methods & livelihood analysis 6Importance of participatory methodologies 6Box Classification of stages in community work / livelihood promotion 7Box Meaning of instrument, tools …. 7Meaning of a tool 7Box Levels of livelihood profiles 7Box Tools suggested by IMM in its SLED approach 8Box Livelihood analysis. Strength & weaknesses of various research methods 8Tools & techniques in designing livelihood promotion ISLP Model 9Box Stages in livelihood analysis 9Dia Stages Steps Tools 9Step 1. Getting to know the people 10Box Uses of livelihood information 10Box Livelihood intervention Points for consideration 10Step 1.Understanding the diversified livelihood portfolio in the area 10Box Importance seasonal diagram 10Getting to know the livelihood profile of the poor people 11Box Checklist to understand the livelihood profile 11Step 2. Assessing the factor condition 11Box Assets description 11Tab Additional information useful to understand factor condition 12Talking to key informants 13Box Suggested key informants 13Step 3. Understanding the local demand conditions 13Box Extractive & empowering methods 14Step 3.1.Identifying enterprises in the area 14At the village 14At the market 14Box Social metabolism 14Box Looking at the market place 15Step 3.2. Mapping all that go out and come in 15Dia Functions of Trade 15Tab What to look in to the local market - Local markets –What comes in Local markets –What goesout16Box Market development & poverty reduction 17Stage II. Selecting livelihood activities suitable for the area 18Step 1. Triangulation 18Tab 1.Activity Analysis 2.Finding the suitability of activity 18Step 2. Understanding the demand conditions better 19Box Why look at the demand condition: A lesson 20What do we look for in the market 20Size of the market, Growing market, Dynamism, Transparency, Low barriers, System etc… 20Stage III. Getting to know the selected activity Step 1. Deciding an intervention 213 E Exercise (Exercise for Exploring External Environment) 211.
Identify key informants 2. Develop questionnaire /check list for assessment 3.Scoring by key 22
S.Rengasamy- Tools & Techniques for Analyzing Livelihoods & Making Effective Intervention
informant 4. Aggregate scores 5. Compare scores of different activities 6.Identifyingbottlenecks 7. Identifying interventionsStage 2. Overlaying organizational competency 25Step.2.1. identifying intervention that can help to overcome bottlenecks 26Step 2.2. Assess organization’s competence 26Tab Assessing organization’s competence 26Box Listen to your heart as well 27Tab Levels of livelihood profiles and how it helps 28Tab Information to be collected, tools to be used in relation to livelihood themes 29
Part II
Viability, Range of goods, Clustering, Internal & External Economies, Backward & ForwardLinkages.30-34
Part III: Sub sector Analysis / Value Chain Analysis
 Box Footprints of commodities 35Why sub sector analysis 35Box 3 E Exercise 35Dia Sub sector model 36Dia Local Global value chain 36What is a sub sector 37Box Value chain /Sub sector analysis can help 37Box Elements of sub sector analysis 37What is sub sector analysis 37Dia Steps in sub sector analysis 38Step A: Preparing a preliminary sub sector map 38Getting to know the sub sector 38Dia Sub sector map : Green Beas for export 39Dia Stages in enterprise value chain 39Dia Green Beas for export –Constraints and business service identification 40Box Value chain 41Box What does value chain analysis entail 41Step B:Interviewing key informants 41Box Sectors, Clusters & Networks 42Box Value chain governance 42Box Charcoal value chain 43Box Milk subsector value chain 44Step C:Drawing a preliminary sub sector map 45Refining the understanding of the sub sector 45Box Social relationship in a charcoal value chain 45Specifying the institutional context 45Tab Regulation, Promotion, Credit, other institutional factors 46Step B: Specify the environmental context 46Box What does upgrading means 47Step C: Refine the subsector map 47Dia Rice chain in Thailand 47Step D:Quantify overlays of particular interest 48Step 3: Analyzing sub sector dynamics and leverage points 49Analyzing the dynamics of the sub sector –i.e. Key demand, Technological change, Profitability,Risk, Barriers to entry, Large firm behavior, Input supply, institutional support, Identify sourcesof leverage points49-50Choosing the right intervention point 51

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