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StructurePC

StructurePC

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Published by strideworld

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Published by: strideworld on Oct 11, 2009
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06/16/2013

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ESATDGFDMSI/Systèmes
STRUCTURE et EVOLUTIONdesMICRO - ORDINATEURSde type PC
Edition janvier 2002
 
SOMMAIRE
1. GENERALITES..........................................................................................................................42. LES UNITÉS CENTRALES.......................................................................................................52.1 LES BOITIERS....................................................................................................................52.2 LA FACE AVANT...............................................................................................................52.3 LA FACE ARRIERE............................................................................................................62.4 L'ALIMENTATION.............................................................................................................72.5 LA CARTE MÈRE...............................................................................................................73. LES MICROPROCESSEURS....................................................................................................93.1 CARACTERISTIQUES GENERALES...............................................................................93.2 LES DIFFÉRENTS TYPES.................................................................................................93.3 TABLEAU RECAPITULATIF..........................................................................................183.4 CHANGEMENT DE MICROPROCESSEUR..................................................................194. LA MÉMOIRE..........................................................................................................................204.1 LA MEMOIRE VIVE.........................................................................................................204.2 LA MEMOIRE MORTE....................................................................................................224.3 TOPOGRAPHIE DE LA MEMOIRE................................................................................224.4 AUGMENTATION DE LA CAPACITE MEMOIRE.......................................................255. LES CIRCUITS DE GESTION................................................................................................285.1 GENERALITÉS.................................................................................................................285.2 CONTROLEUR MEMOIRE..............................................................................................295.3 CONTROLEUR DE MEMOIRE CACHE.........................................................................295.4 CONTROLEUR CLAVIER...............................................................................................305.5 CONTROLEUR D’INTERRUPTIONS.............................................................................315.6 CONTROLEUR DMA.......................................................................................................325.7 TIMER................................................................................................................................335.8 HORLOGE TEMPS REEL................................................................................................335.9 PRINCIPALES CARACTERISTIQUES DES CHIPSETS...............................................346. LES BUS D’EXTENSION........................................................................................................366.1 LE BUS ISA (INDUSTRY STANDART ARCHITECTURE).........................................366.2 LE BUS MCA (MICRO CHANNEL ARCHITECTURE)................................................366.3 LE BUS EISA (EXTENDED INDUSTRY STANDART ARCHITECTURE)................366.4 LE BUS VESA (VIDÉO ELECTRONICS ASSOCIATION)...........................................376.5 LE BUS PCI (PERIPHERIAL COMPONENT INTERCONNECT)................................376.6 LE BUS AGP (ACCELERATED GRAPHICS PORT).....................................................386.7 LE BUS PCMCIA (PC MEMORY CARD INTERNATIONNAL ASSOCIATION).......396.8 LE BUS USB (UNIVERSAL SERIAL BUS)....................................................................406.9 LE BUS IEEE 1394............................................................................................................407. LES CARTES D'INTERFACE.................................................................................................427.1 CARTES GRAPHIQUES...................................................................................................427.2 CARTES D'INTERFACE DE DISQUES DURS..............................................................427.3 CARTES D'INTERFACE SCSI (SMALL COMPUTER SYSTEM INTERFACE).........42
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7.4 CARTES D'ENTRÉES / SORTIES...................................................................................447.5 CARTES RÉSEAUX..........................................................................................................447.6 CARTES MODEM.............................................................................................................447.7 CARTES SON....................................................................................................................457.8 CARTES D'EXTENSION MÉMOIRE..............................................................................457.9 CARTES PCMCIA.............................................................................................................457.10 CARTES SPÉCIFIQUES.................................................................................................468. LA MÉMOIRE DE MASSE.....................................................................................................478.1 LES DISQUETTES............................................................................................................478.2 LES DISQUES DURS........................................................................................................518.3 LES DISQUES OPTIQUES COMPACTS OU CD-ROM.................................................608.4 AUTRES TYPES DE MEMOIRE DE MASSE.................................................................639. LES DISPOSITIFS D'AFFICHAGE........................................................................................659.1 GENERALITES.................................................................................................................659.2 LES CARTES GRAPHIQUES..........................................................................................679.3 LES ECRANS A TUBE CATHODIQUE..........................................................................699.4 LES ECRANS A CRISTAUX LIQUIDES........................................................................7110. LES PERIPHERIQUES D’ENTREES...................................................................................7410.1 LE CLAVIER...................................................................................................................7410.2 LES DISPOSITIFS DE POINTAGE...............................................................................7410.3 LES SCANNERS.............................................................................................................7510.4 AUTRES PERIPHERIQUES...........................................................................................7611. LES IMPRIMANTES..............................................................................................................7711.1 PRINCIPES DE L’IMPRESSION ..................................................................................7711.2 LES IMPRIMANTES À AIGUILLES.............................................................................7711.3 LES IMPRIMANTES À JET D’ENCRE.........................................................................7811.4 LES IMPRIMANTES LASER.........................................................................................8011.5 LES AUTRES TYPES D’IMPRIMANTES.....................................................................83
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