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Project management

Project management

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Published by: spencersimoyi on Feb 25, 2014
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Composite Materials in Civil Infrastructure (StructuralComposites)I. Introduction
Pizhong Qiao (Chiao), Ph.D., P.E., SECB
Department of CivilandEnvironmentalEngineeringWashington State UniversityPullman, WA 99164-2910Phone: (509) 335-5183; Fax: (509) 335-7632Email: Qiao@wsu.edu
 
1.1 COMPOSITES (1)
COMPOSITES
Combinationof two or more constituent materials on a macroscopic examination to produce a new material with enhanced properties: Concrete = aggregate + cementHuman Bone = fiberlikeosteons+ interstitial bone matrixKey: can be identified by the naked eye.
Concrete
Alloy metals combined on a microscopic scale, which is macroscopically homogeneous, cannot be distinguished by naked eyes and does not belong to composite.Outcome: Through well design, exhibit the best qualities of their components or constituents and often some qualities that neither constituent possesses.
 
1.1 COMPOSITES (2)
Natural Composites:
 –Wood: Cellulose fibers + lignin matrix –Bone and Bamboo etc.
Synthetic Composites:
 –Tire: steel or polymer fiber + rubber matrix –Fiberglass (e.g., boats): Chopped fibers + polyester  –Fiber-reinforced Plastic (FRP)composites: panels, beams, columns
Hybrid Composites:
 –Wood or concrete wrapped with polymer composites –Wood beams reinforced with FRP plates on the tension side –Sandwich structure (face sheets with wood core)
Fibrous composite Particulate composite

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