THE RESEARCH IS CLEAR.
AFTER-SCHOOL HAS GREAT REWARDS.
Every day, tens of thousands of middle-school students in New York City leave school unattended in the afternoon, missing out on key educational opportunities and putting themselves at risk for making poor decisions. Studies show that the time between 3 and 6 p.m. are the peak hours for juvenile crime and experimentation with drugs, alcohol, cigarettes, and sex.
High-quality extended-day learning can be enormously beneﬁcial to at-risk youth:
High-quality after-school programs can lead to students’ improved attendance, behavior, coursework, and test scores compared to their peers. (Durlak 2010)
Teens who do not participate in after-school programs are nearly three times more likely to skip classes than teens who do and three times more likely
INVESTMENT IN PRE-K PAYS OFF.
Publicly ﬁnanced pre-K would signiﬁcantly reduce the segment of the population that in the long run will be poor—from almost 36% to about 29%—and boost the college graduation rate for children whose parents didn’t attend a university from about 10% to almost 14%. (Heckman 2006)For every dollar invested in pre-K, we see between $4 and $9 in beneﬁts through reduced costs in special education, welfare, and crime, as well as the increased economic activity of pre-K graduates. A study by the Minneapolis Federal Reserve Bank found that early education investments far exceed the return on investment of other economic development projects. (Center on the Developing Child 2014; Grunewald 2003)
HIGH QUALITY AFTERSCHOOL PROGRAMS ARE PROVEN TO ACCELERATE STUDENT ACHIEVEMENT:
P e r c e n t i l e
Students do better
Students behave better
Students are more likely to come to school
Positive School Behaviors
Reduction in Problem Behavior
to use marijuana or other drugs, drink, smoke, or engage in sexual activity. (YMCA 2001)
The Promising After-School Programs Study also concluded that regular attendance in after-school programs is linked to signiﬁcant gains in standardized test scores, work habits, and reductions in behavior problems among disadvantaged students. (Vandell 2007)
Data from 21st CCLC programs show students participating in their programs raise their math (37%) and English (38%) grades, improve their homework completion and class participation (72%) as well as their behavior in class (67%). (Learning Points Assoc. 2011) After-school is key for parents and employers too: A study by Brandeis University found parents miss an average of ﬁve work days per year because of a lack of after-school programming for their kids. The lost work time costs the economy up to $300 billion per year. (Catalyst 2006)
(Source: Expanded Learning and Afterschool Project)
THE LONGTERM BENEFITS OF INVESTING IN EARLY EDUCATION FAR EXCEED THE MONEY SPENT.
The long-term beneﬁts of investing in early education far exceed the money spent. Investing in children early avoids costly outcomes like incarceration, special education, teen pregnancy, and future low earnings. (Goolsbee 2013)Model state pre-school programs in Georgia and Oklahoma boosted math scores for low-income children as late as eighth grade and increased the odds that their mothers would work and that they’d spend quality time with their children. (Cascio 2013)