United StatesGeneral Accounting Office Washington, D.C. 20548National Security andInternational Affairs Division
B-265939 March 6, 1996The Honorable Robert DoleMajority Leader United States SenateDear Senator Dole: As requested, we are providing you information on U.S. agencies’estimated costs for their support of U.N. peace operations in Haiti, theformer Yugoslavia, Rwanda, and Somalia for fiscal years 1992 through1995.
For this report, we define peace operations as actions taken insupport of U.N. resolutions designed to further peace and security,including observers; monitors; traditional peacekeeping; preventivedeployment; peace enforcement; security assistance; the imposition of sanctions; and the provision, protection, and delivery of humanitarianrelief.
U.S. agencies’ costs in support of peace operations are paid from their congressional appropriations. These costs include expenditures for (1) direct participation of U.S. military forces, (2) the U.S. share of U.N. peacekeeping assessments, and (3) humanitarian and related assistance.The Departments of Defense (
) and State are the two lead agenciesresponsible for planning and implementing U.S. participation in peaceoperations. The U.S. Agency for International Development (
) is the primary agency responsible for providing humanitarian assistance,including food donated by the Department of Agriculture.
provideshumanitarian assistance through the United Nations and privateorganizations. The Departments of Justice, Commerce, Treasury,Transportation, and Health and Human Services are also involved inactivities in support of peace operations. The agencies’ specific actionsrelated to the four peace operations are presented in appendix I.
The U.N. peace operations are the U.N. Mission in Haiti; U.N. Protection Force for former Yugoslavia;U.N. Assistance Mission in Rwanda; and U.N. Operations in Somalia . As of March 31, 1995, U.N.operations in the former Yugoslavia were divided into three separate operations for Bosnia, Croatia,and Macedonia.
This definition is based on DOD’s definition of peace operations in the Annual Report of the Secretaryof Defense to the President and the Congress, February 1995, p. 22; and Joint Tactics, Techniques, andProcedures, Department of Defense, Joint Publication 3-07, 3, April 29, 1994.
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