Welcome to Scribd, the world's digital library. Read, publish, and share books and documents. See more
Download
Standard view
Full view
of .
Save to My Library
Look up keyword
Like this
159Activity
0 of .
Results for:
No results containing your search query
P. 1
CHAPTER 1 MICROORGANISMS 1. Some Living Things Are Big But

CHAPTER 1 MICROORGANISMS 1. Some Living Things Are Big But

Ratings:

3.5

(2)
|Views: 36,033 |Likes:
Published by tanchonghuat

More info:

Published by: tanchonghuat on Oct 12, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as DOC, PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

01/11/2014

pdf

text

original

 
CHAPTER 1MICROORGANISMS
1.Some living things are big but some living things are very small(tiny).2.They are so tiny that they cannot be seen with the naked eye.3.They can be seen only under a
microscope
.4.We called these tiny living things
microorganisms
.5.Microorganisms are different in shape, size and are found everywhere.6.Microorganisms are living things because they carry out life processes.7.There are 4 main types of microorganisms –
bacteria, fungi, protozoa andviruses.
1.1
Bacteria (
Singular – Bacterium 
)
1.Bacteria can be found in the air, soil, water, food and in the bodies ofliving or dead organisms.2.Some bacteria can make their own food but some feed on the bodies ofliving things.
1.2
Fungi (
Singular – Fungus 
)
1.Fungi used to be classified as plants but they cannot make food.2.They take their food from either dead or living organisms.3.Fungi can grow well in dark and in the light.4.Examples of fungi – mushrooms, yeasts and moulds.
1.3Protozoa
1.Protozoa are the biggest microorganisms.2.Protozoa can be found in water environment such as in ponds, lakes,rivers, swamps or body tissue fluid.3.Protozoa can make food or feed from the cells of living organisms.4.Examples of protozoa – amoeba and paramecium.1.4Virises1.Viruses are the smallest(tiniest) of the microorganisms.2.They can only be seen under an electron microscope.3.Viruses are non-living things.4.However, when they enter a living body, they will use the materials inthe body to reproduce more viruses.
1.5
Microorganisms Carry Out Life Processes.
1.
Microorganisms carry out life processes – breathe, grow and move.2.Microorganisms breathe to survive.3.They use oxygen to breathe and produce carbon dioxide.4.Microorganisms need food, water, a suitable temperature, oxygen andlight to grow.5.Microorganisms grow best in an environment which contain 25% to 40%of water.
6.
Microorganisms grow best at temperatures of 30
0
C to 37
0
C.
 
7.Microorganisms move to survive.8.They use special characteristics in the body to move.USEFUL AND HARMFUL MICROORGANISMS1.Some microorganisms are harmful but some are useful to humans.2.Harmful microorganisms may cause diseases and can make people sick.Useful Microorganisms1.Fungi give a lot of benefit to the food industry and in the productionof chemicals.2.Uses of yeast to humans:
UseExplanation
o
Yeast is added to dough.
o
Yeast will produce carbon dioxide to makethe dough rise.
o
The dough is baked to make bread soft andspongy.
o
Yeast is also used to make tapai.
o
Powdered yeast is added to tapioca orglutinous rice.
o
Yeast is also used to make tempe.
o
Yeast is added to soya beans, wheat andwater.
o
Yeast is also used to produce alcoholicdrinks.
o
Yeast ferments fruit juices such as grape juice to produce wine.3.Bacteria are used for the preparation of fermented foods such ascheese, soy sauce, vinegar, wine and yogurt.4.Microorganisms such as bacteria and fungi are useful for breakingdown waste matter to form natural fertilizers.2.3Harmful Microorganisms1.Harmful microorganisms are microorganisms that can cause diseases.2.These microorganisms are called germs.3.Harmful microorganisms will cause illness, food poisoning and food toturn bad.4.Some of the diseases caused by microorganisms.
Types ofmicroorganismsDiseases
BacteriaCholera, tooth decay, tetanus, food poisoningVirusesFlu or influenza, chickenpox, mumps, denguefever, AIDS, measles, polioFungiRingworm, athletes foot (tinea)ProtozoaMalaria, dysentery5.2.4How Diseases are Spread by Microorganisms1.Diseases caused by microorganisms can spread from one person toanother.2.They are called contagious diseases.3.Some of the ways by which diseases are spread.
Ways by whichdiseases are spreadExplanation
Through droplet infection
o
When a person breathes, coughs orsneezes, droplets of water containinggerms are released from the person intothe air.
o
Other people will breathe in the germsand can catch the diseases.
o
Flu and cough are spread by this way.mumpschickenpoxTooth decayconjunctivitis

Activity (159)

You've already reviewed this. Edit your review.
Siew Xing liked this
1 thousand reads
1 hundred reads
Cikgu Bibi liked this
Fabilah Baharom liked this

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->