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Acts 2 and the Day of Pentecost: A Brief Study in Pneumotology History, And Empowerment

Acts 2 and the Day of Pentecost: A Brief Study in Pneumotology History, And Empowerment

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Published by Joel Dorman
This is a paper I submitted in New Testament II at Liberty dealing (broadly) with Pneumotology and the Day of Pentecost in Acts 2.
This is a paper I submitted in New Testament II at Liberty dealing (broadly) with Pneumotology and the Day of Pentecost in Acts 2.

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Published by: Joel Dorman on Oct 12, 2009
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11/10/2012

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 LIBERTY UNIVERSITYACTS 2 AND THE DAY OF PENTECOST:
 A BRIEF STUDY IN PNEUMOTOLOGY, HISTORY AND EMPOWERMENT 
A RESEARCH PAPER SUBMITTED TO DR. ADEYEMIIN PARTIAL FULFILLMENT OF THE REQUIREMENTS FORTHE COURSE NBST 522LIBERTY BAPTIST THEOLOGICAL SEMINARYBYJOEL ALAN DORMANLYNCHBURG, VIRGINIAOCTOBER 11, 2009
 
 i.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Introduction ......................................................................................................................................1Pneumatology through the Old and New Testaments......................................................................1Emphasis in the Old Testament ...........................................................................................2Emphasis in the New Testament before Pentecost ..............................................................4History of Pentecost or the Feast of Weeks .....................................................................................5Institution, Purpose and Time of the Year ...........................................................................5At the time of Christ ............................................................................................................6Analysis of Acts Chapter 2 ..............................................................................................................6Verses 1-4 ............................................................................................................................7Verses 5-13 ........................................................................................................................10Other Views of the Beginning of the Church ................................................................................14The Confession of Peter .....................................................................................................14The Resurrection ................................................................................................................15The Acts 2 Day of Pentecost and the 21
st
Century Church: Some Final Thoughts .......................15Bibliography ..................................................................................................................................17
 
1When the Feast of Pentecost came, they were all together in one place. Withoutwarning there was a sound like a strong wind, gale force—no one could tell whereit came from. It filled the whole building. Then, like a wildfire, the Holy Spiritspread through their ranks, and they started speaking in a number of differentlanguages as the Spirit prompted them.
1
 This passage has been the source of excited study and heated debate since (in alllikelihood) the day it was penned. Entire denominations have been built around one idea foundin this one passage and certainly modern Christian do not deny this significant occurrence inhistory. The focal point of this entire debate is an enigmatic member of the Trinity: the HolySpirit. This event recorded in Acts chapter two was the Holy Spirit’s arrival to earth to live inhearts of humans who accept Jesus Christ. The Counselor, as Jesus called Him, “whom theFather will send in my name, will teach you all things and will remind you of everything I havesaid to you.”
2
Jesus also prophesied about the Day of Pentecost event when He told the Apostles“you will receive power when the Holy Spirit comes on you”.
3
Was this, however, an event thathad no precedent? Did the Old Testament Scriptures have any foreshadowing of this event? Thegoal of this research, then, is to present a basic understanding of pneumatology through the Oldand New Testaments, provide a framework for understanding the Jewish perspective onPentecost Day and analyze the text of Acts 2:1-13. The concluding remarks attempt to evaluatethe impact the Day of Pentecost should have on the church of the 21
st
century.
Pneumatology through the Old and New Testaments
The mysterious third member of the Trinity is so fascinating because there is often notanthropomorphic terminology used to describe Him. The Father is described as having, forinstance, “mighty hands” which move and act like human hands (e.g. Exod. 6:1, Deut. 5:15, Neh.
1
 
Eugene H. Peterson,
The Message: The Bible in Contemporary Language
(Colorado Springs, Colo.:NavPress, 2002), Acts 2:1-4.
2
John 14:26, NIV.
3
Acts 1:8a.
 

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