1When the Feast of Pentecost came, they were all together in one place. Withoutwarning there was a sound like a strong wind, gale force—no one could tell whereit came from. It filled the whole building. Then, like a wildfire, the Holy Spiritspread through their ranks, and they started speaking in a number of differentlanguages as the Spirit prompted them.
This passage has been the source of excited study and heated debate since (in alllikelihood) the day it was penned. Entire denominations have been built around one idea foundin this one passage and certainly modern Christian do not deny this significant occurrence inhistory. The focal point of this entire debate is an enigmatic member of the Trinity: the HolySpirit. This event recorded in Acts chapter two was the Holy Spirit’s arrival to earth to live inhearts of humans who accept Jesus Christ. The Counselor, as Jesus called Him, “whom theFather will send in my name, will teach you all things and will remind you of everything I havesaid to you.”
Jesus also prophesied about the Day of Pentecost event when He told the Apostles“you will receive power when the Holy Spirit comes on you”.
Was this, however, an event thathad no precedent? Did the Old Testament Scriptures have any foreshadowing of this event? Thegoal of this research, then, is to present a basic understanding of pneumatology through the Oldand New Testaments, provide a framework for understanding the Jewish perspective onPentecost Day and analyze the text of Acts 2:1-13. The concluding remarks attempt to evaluatethe impact the Day of Pentecost should have on the church of the 21
Pneumatology through the Old and New Testaments
The mysterious third member of the Trinity is so fascinating because there is often notanthropomorphic terminology used to describe Him. The Father is described as having, forinstance, “mighty hands” which move and act like human hands (e.g. Exod. 6:1, Deut. 5:15, Neh.
Eugene H. Peterson,
The Message: The Bible in Contemporary Language
(Colorado Springs, Colo.:NavPress, 2002), Acts 2:1-4.
John 14:26, NIV.