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Tom Green Appeal Brief

Tom Green Appeal Brief

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Published by mangiafico

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Published by: mangiafico on Feb 20, 2008
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08/23/2010

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06-CF-1313
In The
District of Columbia Court of Appeals
 ___________ 
T
HOMAS
G
REEN
,
 Appellant,
v.U
 NITED
S
TATES
,
 Appellee.
 ___________ 
On Appeal from the Superior Courtof the District of Columbia — Criminal Division
 ___________ 
BRIEF FOR APPELLANT
 ___________ 
James Mangiafico*Mary KennedyA
RNOLD
& P
ORTER 
 
LLP
555 12
th
Street NWWashington, DC 20004(202) 942-5952
* Counsel for Oral Argument 
 
DISCLOSURE STATEMENT
Mr. Green was represented in the trial court by James Mangiafico and Mary Kennedy of Arnold & Porter LLP. The United States was represented by Assistant United States AttorneyZulima Espinel and at sentencing by Assistant United States Attorney Patrick B. Costello. Mr.Green is represented on appeal by James Mangiafico and Mary Kennedy.
 
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Disclosure Statement .......................................................................................................................2Table of Contents ..............................................................................................................................iTable of Authorities .........................................................................................................................iiIssues Presented ...............................................................................................................................1Statement of the Case .......................................................................................................................2Statement of Facts ............................................................................................................................4.I The Testimony of Officer Weinfeld ..............................................................................4.II The Testimony of Kevin Price .....................................................................................5.III The Testimony of Thomas Green ...............................................................................6.IV The Trial Court’s Findings of Fact .............................................................................7Argument ........................................................................................................................................11.I The Stop of Mr. Green was Conducted in Violation of His Fourth Amendment Rights ................................................................................................................................11.A The trial court’s finding that Mr. Green attempted to flee before he was seizedwas clearly erroneous.........................................................................................11.B An anonymous tip combined with a common gesture to the waist are notsufficient to establish reasonable suspicion.......................................................13.II Mr. Green’s Statement Made Prior to Arrest was Elicited in Violation of His FifthAmendment Rights ................................................................................................17.A Mr. Green’s statement was involuntary.................................................................17.B Mr. Green’s statement prior to arrest was elicited in violation of his Mirandarights..................................................................................................................19.III The Trial Court Misconstrued the Youth Act and Other Sentencing Provisions toFind that Mr. Green was Subject to a Statutory Minimum Sentence. ...................24.A The plain meaning of the Youth Act and related sentencing statutes permits youthoffenders to be sentenced below otherwise applicable mandatory minimums.. 24.B The legislative history reveals that the Youth Act was intended to abrogatemandatory minimum sentences for youth offenders and that no subsequent lawwas intended to reinstitute them........................................................................27.C The rule of lenity requires that youth offenders not be subject to mandatoryminimums, except as specifically provided.......................................................30Conclusion .....................................................................................................................................30Addendum of Statutory Provisions Involved .................................................................................32i

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