Welcome to Scribd. Sign in or start your free trial to enjoy unlimited e-books, audiobooks & documents.Find out more
Download
Standard view
Full view
of .
Look up keyword
Like this
3Activity
0 of .
Results for:
No results containing your search query
P. 1
PE3011 English Language Studies and Teaching 1 Grammar Lecture 9

PE3011 English Language Studies and Teaching 1 Grammar Lecture 9

Ratings: (0)|Views: 35|Likes:
Published by twy113

More info:

Published by: twy113 on Oct 12, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as DOC, PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

07/04/2010

pdf

text

original

 
PE3011 English Language Studies and Teaching 1Grammar Lecture 9 : Usage Problems (Cont'd)
(Reading : Greenbaum, p. 148 - 159)
Subject-Complement and Object-ComplementAgreement
1.
What are the relationship between the two underlined parts in each of the sentences below?2.Which of the following sentences are correct?
The child was angels.
I consider my children angels?
The younger children are a problem.3.Justify your answers.
The subject and the subject complement of a sentenceshould agree in number. So do the object and theobject complement of a sentence.e.g.
The child 
was
an angel.
S-Sc
The children
were
angels
. S-ScI consider 
my child an angel 
. O-OcI consider 
my children angels
. O-Oc
 
However, a subject complement can be
an abstracted quality
or carries the meaning of 
a group or unit 
.e.g.,Good manners
 a very rare group of acts.
a rarity Children
 a particular group of people who can cause problems
these problems can be abstracted to mean a big problem. Therefore,
Good manners 
are 
a rarity these days
. [
S-V agr retained
]
The younger children
 are 
a problem
.
Their principal crop
 
is potatoes
.[Cf: Potatoes are their principal crop]
Case
1.
What cases are the highlighted parts subjective or objective?2.Decide if the following sentences are right?
You and she
will take charge.
I think 
 Bob and me
have the right approach.
Everybody knows
 Nancy and I 
.3.Justify your answers.Parallel use of casesat subject and object positions incoordinated clauses. [i.e., Standard English]
2
 
e.g.
You and she
will take charge. [Subjects coordinated]I thin
 Bob and  
have theright approach.[Subjects coordinated]Everybody knows
 Nancy and me
.[Objects coordinated]The tickets are for 
 you and me
.[Objects coordinatedThe same is true for pronouns accompanied by a noun.e.g.They complained about the way
we[Lisa, Mary, etc.]
students were behaving.They will not succeed in pushing
us
[
 Lisa, Mary, etc.
]Australians around.Parallel use of cases after 
as
and
than
in comparisons,the case of the pronoun depends on its function in thecomparative clause.e.g.Theyfelt the same way as
 he [did]
. (...as he felt.)Sheworks faster than
we [do] (…th
an we work.)Heloves Mary more than
me
. (...more than loves me.)Heloves Mary more than
 I 
. (...more than I love Mary.)
In less formal contexts, the objective case is normaleven when the pronoun is a subject.
After the word
except 
,the pronoun should be in theobjective case even when the pronoun acts as asubject, as
except 
is considered as a preposition.
3

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
scribd
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->