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Chapter 2 Cell Structure and Cell Organisation 2.1 Cell Structure

Chapter 2 Cell Structure and Cell Organisation 2.1 Cell Structure

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Published by CikguAgnes
Biology F4
Biology F4

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Published by: CikguAgnes on Oct 12, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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02/23/2014

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CHAPTER 2 CELL STRUCTURE AND CELL ORGANISATION2.1 C ELL STRUCTURE AND FUNCTIONSAnimal Cell 
 
 Plant cell
 
Density of Organelles in specific cells Types of cellsFunctionOrganelles foundabundantly in thespecific cellsSperm cellsRequire energy to propeltowards fallopian tube forfertilisationMitochondriaMuscles cellsContract and relax to enablemovementMitochondriaCells in themeristemsRequire energy for active celldivisionMitochondriaMesophyllpalisade cellsAbsorb sunlight duringphotosynthesisChloroplastCells in salivaryglandsSynthesise and secreteenzymeRERGolgi apparatusIntestinalepitheliumSecretes digestive enzymesSERLiver cellsDetoxification of drugs andpoisonsSERGoblet cells inthe intestinaland respiratorytractSecretes mucusGolgi apparatus
 
2.2 CELL ORGANISATIONLiving processes in unicellular organisms-Unicellular organisms can feed,respire,excrete,move,respond tostimuli,reproduce andgrow.Eg:
 Amoeba
sp.-living in freshwater / soil water environmentRespirationExchange of O₂ and CO₂ occurs through the Plasmamembrane by diffusionResponsesto stimuli-Sunlight/acidic solution cause
 Amoeba
to retreat-Favourable stimuli -food causes it to move towards thestimuliGrowthIncreasing cytoplasm & lining of plasma membraneFeedingBy Phagocytosis
 Amoeba
sp. Approaches the food Two pseudopodia extend out andenclose the food particlesFood particles then packed in a food vacuoleFood vacuole fuses with lysosome(contain lysozyme enzyme)Food is digested by lysozymeNutrients then absorbed into the cytoplasm

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