Flood Hazards in Metro Manila:Recognizing Commonalities, Differences,and Courses of Action
Doracie B. Zoleta-Nantes
This paper looks at the vulnerability to floodhazards of different urban groups in Metro Manila, thePhilippines. It contextualizes and finds similarities anddifferences in the physical, social, economic and institutionalmanifestations of severe flood hazards to three groups of people in the mega-city. They are the street children andresidents of wealthy neighborhoods and urban poorsettlements. It explicates a set of issues that needs to beconfronted and a list of appropriate actions that can betaken to initiate a pro-active stance in dealing with thecauses and consequences of flood hazards at the local scale.This is necessary for future development planning andhazard mitigation purposes.
Flood hazards in Southeast Asia cities
Floods are considered by many to be the hazardthat affects more people and causes more damage toproperty than any other (UNDRO, 1976; Cuny, 1990;Gupta, 1990; Palm, 1990). They are produced by a variety of factors in different parts of the world (White 1945; Ward, 1978; Miller, 1999). Most commonly theseinclude: over bank flow on rivers and lakes due to heavy precipitation exacerbated in denuded watersheds by accelerated runoff; urbanization which complicates floodingevents by increasing the area of impermeable surfaces by the encroachment of roads, housing and other land usesonto floodplains; the silting of canals and riverbeds or theobstruction of waterways due to improper construction
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