June 2009 - Norwegian Seafood Federation | www.fhl.no/english | email@example.com
Development in the health situation of farmedsalmonids since 1990
Diseases are naturally occurring in all animals, including aquaculture animals.Intensive production is often correlated to an increase in disease outbreaks. AlthoughNorwegian aquaculture of salmonids is still to be considered a young and continuouslyevolving industry, there is a positive trend with regard to infectious diseases.
Since 1990 the production of salmonids (salmon and trout) hasincreased more than fourfold (tons slaughtered fish), while thenumber of disease outbreaks has declined by 30%. This was despitethe fact that 2008 figures included new diseases that were unknownin 1990.
Due to the close and fruitful collaboration between the authorities, scientistsand the industry, new diseases have been identified, effective vaccines havebeen developed and general hygienic principles for disease prevention havebeen implemented.
The most important contagious loss-making diseases
Infectious Salmon Anaemia (ISA):
Decline in ISA from 98 outbreaks in 1990 to 17outbreaks in 2008. This is more than the double of outbreaks in 2007, but still closeto the estimated annual rate of 10 -15 outbreaks. ISA is a disease that is consideredto be under control, although there is some fluctuation in the number of outbreaksfrom one year to the next. This is mainly due to the development of diagnostic toolsand very strict preventive hygiene measures that where applied at the end of the1980s. ISA is considered to be a low level endemic disease in Norway.
Bacterial Kidney Disease (BKD):
Decline in BKD from 77 outbreaks in 1990 to 1outbreak at a broodstock farm in 2008. The affected fish was destroyed to eradicatethe disease. In May 2008 a surveillance programme for BKD in Norway was approved,with the aim of enabling Norway to be classified as a BKD free zone.
The health situation in farmed fish in Norway 2007 and 2008(National Veterinary Institute)Surveillance and control programs for terrestrial and aquatic animals in Norway, Annual report 2006(National Veterinary Institute) Annual report 2003(National Veterinary Institute)The Animal Health and DiseaseStatus in Norway 2003(Norwegian Food Safety Authority)Fish Health and Fish diseases;(Universitetsforlaget AS 1999,ISBN 82-00-12718-4) Animal Health Standards inNorway (Royal Ministry of Agriculture Norway, 1994)Fish Health and Fish diseases(Special issue, Norsk Veterinærtidsskrift nr 6, 1989)