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441_05_fugacity

441_05_fugacity

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Published by marzinus

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Published by: marzinus on Feb 27, 2014
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02/27/2014

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1
Chapter 5 - Chemical Potential and Fugacity
Gibbs Energy and Temperature Gibbs Energy and Pressure Chemical Potential Real Gases - Fugacity
 
2
Variation of G with T
The variation of Gibbs energy with tempera-ture is determined by the entropy.
(
 
G/
 
T)
 p
 = -S
The most stable phase is the one with the lowest Gibbs energy.
This also has the lowest chemical potential, as we shall see.
Solid
 
3
Variation of G with
 p
 
The variation of Gibbs energy with pressure is determined by the volume.
(
 
G/
 
 p
)
T
 = V
In integral form, G(
 p
) - G(
 p
o
) =
I
Vdp
[limits:
 p
o
 to p]
 
For a perfect gas, use V = nRT/
 p
 to get
G(
 p
) = G(
 p
o
) + nRT ln (
 p/p
o
)
For liquids and solids, use
k
 = -(1/V) (
M
V/
M
 p
)
T
, and consider
k
 to be constant; get ln[V(
 p
)/V(
 p
o
 )
] =-
k
D
 p
 or V
(p
) = V
(p
o
)exp[-
k
D
 p
]. Two approx.:
D
 p
 
p for
 p
>>
 p
o
 and exp[-
k
 p
]
(1-
k
 p)
Y
 
V(
 p
)
V(
 p
o
)[1-
k
 p
]
G-G
o
=-V
o
-
o
-k/
2
2
-
o2 

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