Rinchel’s guide to pass your law subjectsCONFLICTS OF LAWS
JUSTIFICATION OF APPLYING FOREIGN LAWS1. When cause of action arises in foreign land.2. If local law so provides - article 16, Bellis vs Bellis - lex domicilli3. Principle of ComityNote - Foreign law should be pleaded and proved , if not , presumed to be thesame with the local law - DOCTRINE OF PROCESSUAL PRESUMPTION4. If There Is A Treaty - Warsaw, Santos Vs Northwest Orient Airline
DISTINGUISHED FROM PUBLIC INTERNATIONAL LAW
BASISCONFLICT OF LAWLAW OF NATIONS1NatureMunicipal in characterInternational in character 2PersonsinvolvedDealt with by privateindividuals; governsindividuals in their privatetransactions which involve aforeign elementSovereign states and other entities possessinginternational personality, e.g.,UN; governs states in their relationships amongstthemselves3TransactionsinvolvedPrivate transactions betweenprivate individualsGenerally affected by publicinterest; those in general areof interest only to sovereignstates4RemediesandSanctionsResort to municipal tribunalsMay be peaceful or forciblePeaceful: includes diplomaticnegotiation, tender & exerciseof good offices, mediation,inquiry & conciliation,arbitration, judicial settlementby ICJ, reference to regionalagenciesForcible: includes severanceof diplomatic relations,retorsions, reprisals,embargo, boycott, non-intercourse, pacificblockades, collectivemeasures under the UNCharter, and war.