Drug Calculation Tutorial
Basic Math Review
know this acronym:
allyPEMDAS - This acronym stands for the order of operation in which mathcalculations must be solved (Parentheses, Exponents, Multiplication, Division,Addition, and then Subtraction) If not performed in this order, the answer willbe wrong.
Fractions can be converted into a whole number (with or without decimals) bydividing the numerator (top #) by the denominator (bottom #).
To multiply fractions, first multiply all the numerators, then multiply all thedenominators. The final step is to reduce the final fraction down the lowestnumber which is done by dividing the numerator by the denominator. (Keepin mind you are staying on the top of the line all of the way across and on thebottom of the line all of the way across)
Percentages refer to parts per 100. For example, 3% is equal to 3 parts out of 100. It can be written as a fraction which in turn can be converted into adecimal or whole number by dividing by 100.For example:3% = 3 parts out of 100 = 3 = 0.03100
Ratios are proportions or fractions just written in a different format. In a ratio,the first number is the numerator, and the second number is the denominator.Instead of using a line with the numerator on the top and the denominator onthe bottom, the numerator and the denominator are separated by a colon (:).For example,1 : 2 = 1 part per 2 parts = 12which can then be turned into a fraction by dividing 1 by 2 = 0.5 and then intoa percentage by moving the decimal point two places to the right = 50%.
A decimal can be converted to a fraction by dividing by 1.