What Is ConformanceTechnology?
is theapplication of processes to reservoirsand boreholes to reduce waterproduction, enhance recovery effi-ciency, or satisfy a broad range of reservoir management and environ-mental objectives. Although the use of conformance processes may not resultin increased production, such pro-cesses can often improve anoperator’s profitability as a result of the following benefits:•longer productive well life•reduced lifting costs•reduced environmentalconcerns and costs•minimized treatment anddisposal of water•reduced well maintenance costsIdeally, conformance control shouldbe performed before a condition canresult in serious damage. As withpersonal health, treating potentialproblems before they become seriousis considerably less costly thanallowing a condition to deteriorateuntil drastic actions must be taken.For example, just as changing lifestylehabits can reduce a person’s risk of heart disease, treating a well’spotential coning problem may preventit from “bottoming out” in the future.
The ConformanceControl Process
The first step in effective conform-ance control is understandingpotential conformance problems.
of this book reviews thecharacteristics of correct reservoirbehavior and identifies both near-wellbore and reservoir-relatedconformance problems.Historically, operators assessed theproduction of unwanted fluids basedon individual wells. Recent experi-ence, however, suggests that reservoirdescriptions and reservoir evaluationscan often provide valuable informa-tion that may result in more effectiveconformance control.
explains the principles of reservoirdescription and reservoir evaluationand provides information regardingstatic and dynamic reservoir proper-ties and how these properties canaffect the design of typical conform-ance treatments.Before an effective conformancetreatment can be designed, theconformance problem must bethoroughly examined.
provides information regarding theproduction logs, cement logs,reservoir monitoring tools,downhole video equipment, andtracer surveys used for problemprediction, problem identification,and treatment evaluation.