The Water Wheel January/February 2008
new manual for conducting cost-benefitanalysis with specific reference to evalu-ating the development and management ofwater resources is now available from theWater Research Commission (WRC).This evaluation of projects is often adifficult task since costs and benefits cannotnecessarily be seen immediately, but ratheroccur over time. Furthermore, costs andbenefits are often hidden, making them hardto identify, and also frequently difficult tomeasure.
The same problems occur when deci-sion makers have to make a choice betweena number of projects. These challenges arenot limited to capital projects; they alsooccur when decisions have to be maderegarding the merits of expenditureprogrammes.The cost-benefit analysis method pro-vides a logical framework by means of whichprojects can be evaluated, serving as an aidin the decision making process. The manual,authored by Conningarth Economics, isaimed specifically at the decision maker inthe public sector.
The manual follows a broader approachto incorporate the relationships betweencost-benefit analysis and other aspects ofthe economy. In this regard the relation-ship between the principles of cost-benefitanalysis and welfare economics; as well ascost-benefit analysis as one component ofthe range of decision making support instru-ments, have been included, among others.The manual also includes insight into thecost-benefit analysis application possibilitiesfor decision makers. The manual advocatesthat the cost-benefit analysis concept needsto be widened to include the broader socialcosts and benefits derived from a project.Furthermore, it is accepted that cost-benefitanalysis is only one of several instruments forevaluating proposed projects.To order the cost-benefit analysis manual(WRC Project No
), contact Publi-cations at Tel: (012) 330-0340; Fax: (012)331-2565 or E-mail:email@example.com
Water China 2008, the largest Chinesetrade fair for the water industry willtake place in Guangzhou, Canton.
Enquiries: Merebo Messe Marketing; Tel:+49-40-6087-6926; E-mail: contact@ merebo.com; Visit:www.waterchina.merebo.com
A conference on franchising for thewater sector will be held at HelderfonteinEstates, in Gauteng.
Enquiries: Juanita Males, Scatterlings of Africa, Tel: (011)463-5085, E-mail: Juanita@soafrica.com
sbr teCHnOLOGyaPriL 7-10
The Fourth International Conference onSequencing Batch Technology will takeplace in Rome, Italy.
Enquiries: Dr Roberto Ramadori; Tel: +39-06-8841451; Fax: +39-06-841 7861; E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org; Visit:www.sbr4conference.com
Water & sanitatiOnaPriL 7-11
Water Engineering &Development Centre (WEDC) InternationalConference will take place in Accra,Ghana. The theme is ‘Access to Sanitationand Safe Water: Global Partnership andLocal Actions’.
Enquiries: Conference administrator; Tel: +44 (0) 1509 228-304; E-mail: email@example.com
World Filtration Congress &Exhibition is taking place in Leipzig,Germany.
Enquiries: firstname.lastname@example.org or Visit: www.wfc10.com
The Biennial Conference of the WaterInstitute of Southern Africa (WISA) willbe held at Sun City.
Enquiries: Dr Heidi Snyman (technical programme);Tel: (012) 330-0340; E-mail: email@example.com; or Juanita Males(delegates & sponsorships);
Tel: (011)463-5085, E-mail: Juanita@soafrica.com
Manual to help financialdecision making
Clean water vital in fight against AIDS
ccess to improved watersupply and sanitation couldgreatly improve the quality oflife for people living with HIV/ AIDS, according to internationalorganisation, the Water andSanitation Programme (WSP). Many of the opportunisticinfections that kill people livingwith HIV/AIDS are transmittedthrough contaminated water andunsanitary living conditions. People suffer-ing from the disease require safe, sanitarytoilets and large quantities of water to keepthemselves and their surroundings clean.In a statement released ahead of WorldAids Day on 1 December, WSP said thatthere was a lack of research onthe role the water sector playsfor people living with HIV/AIDS.“It is necessary for the globalHIV/AIDS community to workwith the global water commu-nity to develop a consensus listof prioritised research neededon water and sanitation andHIV/AIDS, said Dr Kate Tulenko,a public health specialist ofthe WSP.
The Water Research Commission hasmanaged research on the importance ofaccess to safe water and sanitation for theefficient caregiving of HIV/AIDS patients (see