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Table Of Contents

CHAPTER 2Fine-Tuning Your Paragraph26
Chapter Review44
Review Checklist: Fine-Tuning Your Paragraph46
UNIT TWOPatterns of Paragraph Development47
Self-Assessment Checklist: Writing an Exemplification Paragraph57
Self-Assessment Checklist: Writing a Narrative Paragraph66
Self-Assessment Checklist: Writing a Descriptive Paragraph76
Self-Assessment Checklist: Writing a Process Paragraph86
Self-Assessment Checklist: Writing a Cause-and-Effect Paragraph97
CHAPTER 8Comparison and Contrast99
Self-Assessment Checklist: Writing a Comparison-and-Contrast Paragraph111
Self-Assessment Checklist: Writing a Classification Paragraph120
Self-Assessment Checklist: Writing a Definition Paragraph130
Self-Assessment Checklist: Writing an Argument Paragraph142
UNIT THREEFocus on Essays143
Self-Assessment Checklist: Revising Your Essay163
I.Editing Your Essay164
Self-Assessment Checklist: Editing Your Essay164
J.Checking Your Essay’s Format168
Chapter Review170
Review Checklist: Writing an Essay172
Chapter Review183
Review Checklist: Introductions and Conclusions184
Self-Assessment Checklist: Writing an Exemplification Essay192
Self-Assessment Checklist: Writing a Narrative Essay197
Self-Assessment Checklist: Writing a Descriptive Essay203
Self-Assessment Checklist: Writing a Process Essay209
Self-Assessment Checklist: Writing a Cause-and-Effect Essay215
Self-Assessment Checklist: Writing a Comparison-and-Contrast Essay222
Self-Assessment Checklist: Writing a Classification Essay227
Self-Assessment Checklist: Writing a Definition Essay232
Self-Assessment Checklist: Writing an Argument Essay240
Review Checklist: Patterns of Essay Development241
REVISING AND EDITING YOUR WRITING243
UNIT FOURWriting Effective Sentences243
CHAPTER 15Writing Simple Sentences245
Chapter Review254
Review Checklist: Writing Simple Sentences255
Chapter Review268
Review Checklist: Writing Compound Sentences270
Chapter Review280
Review Checklist: Writing Complex Sentences282
CHAPTER 18Writing Varied Sentences283
Chapter Review302
Review Checklist: Writing Varied Sentences304
Chapter Review312
Review Checklist: Using Parallelism314
Chapter Review327
Review Checklist: Using Words Effectively328
UNIT REVIEW329
UNIT FIVESolving Common Sentence Problems331
Chapter Review343
Chapter Review366
Review Checklist: Sentence Fragments369
Chapter Review382
Review Checklist: Subject-Verb Agreement385
Chapter Review393
Review Checklist: Illogical Shifts395
Chapter Review403
Review Checklist: Misplaced and Dangling Modifiers405
UNIT REVIEW406
UNIT SIXUnderstanding Basic Grammar409
Chapter Review419
Review Checklist: Verbs: Past Tense420
Chapter Review433
Review Checklist: Verbs: Past Participles435
Chapter Review461
Review Checklist: Nouns and Pronouns463
Chapter Review474
Chapter Review507
Chapter Review528
Review Checklist: Using Commas530
Chapter Review537
Review Checklist: Using Apostrophes538
Chapter Review550
Review Checklist: Understanding Mechanics552
Chapter Review568
Review Checklist: Understanding Spelling570
UNIT REVIEW571
BECOMING A CRITICAL READER573
UNIT EIGHTReading Essays573
Review Checklist: Reading for College589
Lynda Barry, The Sanctuary of School597
E.Cause and Effect614
John Schwartz, The Poncho Bearer614
Lawrence Otis Graham, The “Black Table” Is Still There617
F.Comparison and Contrast619
Indira Ganesan, Resisting My Family History620
Jo-Ellan Dimitrius and Mark Mazzarella, Liars626
Gayle Rosenwald Smith, The Wife-Beater633
Edwidge Danticat, Impounded Fathers638
Ji-Yeon Yuh, Let’s Tell the Story of All America’s Cultures641
APPENDIX AStrategies for College Success647
APPENDIX BUsing Research in Your Writing659
Self-Assessment Checklists for Writing Paragraphs and Essays
WRITING PARAGRAPHS AND ESSAYS
AUnderstanding Paragraph Structure
BFocusing on Your Assignment, Purpose, and Audience
CFinding Ideas
Freewriting
Brainstorming
Clustering
Journal Writing
DIdentifying Your Main Idea and Writing a Topic Sentence
EChoosing Supporting Points
FArranging Supporting Points
GDrafting Your Paragraph
HRevising Your Paragraph
■SELF-ASSESSMENT CHECKLIST: Revising Your Paragraph
IEditing Your Paragraph
■SELF-ASSESSMENT CHECKLIST: Editing Your Paragraph
■REVIEW CHECKLIST: Writing a Paragraph
AWriting Unified Paragraphs
BWriting Well-Developed Paragraphs
CWriting Coherent Paragraphs
Spatial Order
Logical Order
■REVIEW CHECKLIST: Fine-Tuning Your Paragraph
AWhat Is Exemplification?
BWriting an Exemplification Paragraph
■SELF-ASSESSMENT CHECKLIST: Writing an Exemplification Paragraph
AWhat Is Narration?
BWriting a Narrative Paragraph
■SELF-ASSESSMENT CHECKLIST: Writing a Narrative Paragraph
AWhat Is Description?
BWriting a Descriptive Paragraph
■SELF-ASSESSMENT CHECKLIST: Writing a Descriptive Paragraph
AWhat Is Process?
BWriting a Process Paragraph
■SELF-ASSESSMENT CHECKLIST: Writing a Process Paragraph
AWhat Is Cause and Effect?
BWriting a Cause-and-Effect Paragraph
■SELF-ASSESSMENT CHECKLIST: Writing a Cause-and-Effect Paragraph
AWhat Is Comparison and Contrast?
Point-by-Point Comparisons
BWriting a Comparison-and-Contrast Paragraph
■SELF-ASSESSMENT CHECKLIST: Writing a Comparison-and-Contrast Paragraph
AWhat Is Classification?
BWriting a Classification Paragraph
■SELF-ASSESSMENT CHECKLIST: Writing a Classification Paragraph
AWhat Is Definition?
BWriting a Definition Paragraph
■SELF-ASSESSMENT CHECKLIST: Writing a Definition Paragraph
AWhat Is Argument?
BWriting an Argument Paragraph
■SELF-ASSESSMENT CHECKLIST: Writing an Argument Paragraph
DStating Your Thesis
GDrafting Your Essay
HRevising Your Essay
■SELF-ASSESSMENT CHECKLIST: Revising Your Essay
■SELF-ASSESSMENT CHECKLIST: Editing Your Essay
IEditing Your Essay
JChecking Your Essay’s Format
■REVIEW CHECKLIST: Writing an Essay
Beginning with a Narrative
Beginning with a Definition
Beginning with a Quotation
Concluding with a Narrative
Concluding with a Recommendation
■REVIEW CHECKLIST: Introductions and Conclusions
Model Exemplification Essay
■SELF-ASSESSMENT CHECKLIST: Writing an Exemplification Essay
Model Narrative Essay
■SELF-ASSESSMENT CHECKLIST: Writing a Narrative Essay
Model Descriptive Essay
■SELF-ASSESSMENT CHECKLIST: Writing a Descriptive Essay
Model Process Essay
■SELF-ASSESSMENT CHECKLIST: Writing a Process Essay
ECause and Effect
Model Cause-and-Effect Essay
■SELF-ASSESSMENT CHECKLIST: Writing a Cause-and-Effect Essay
FComparison and Contrast
Model Comparison-and-Contrast Essay
■SELF-ASSESSMENT CHECKLIST: Writing a Comparison-and-Contrast Essay
Model Classification Essay
■SELF-ASSESSMENT CHECKLIST: Writing a Classification Essay
Model Definition Essay
■SELF-ASSESSMENT CHECKLIST: Writing a Definition Essay
Model Argument Essay
■SELF-ASSESSMENT CHECKLIST: Writing an Argument Essay
■REVIEW CHECKLIST: Patterns of Essay Development
REVISING AND EDITING YOUR WRITING
BPrepositional Phrases
AUsing Coordinating Conjunctions
BUsing Semicolons
CUsing Transitional Words and Phrases
■REVIEW CHECKLIST: Writing Compound Sentences
AIdentifying Complex Sentences
BUsing Subordinating Conjunctions
CUsing Relative Pronouns
■REVIEW CHECKLIST: Writing Complex Sentences
AVarying Sentence Types
BVarying Sentence Openings
DMixing Long and Short Sentences
■REVIEW CHECKLIST: Writing Varied Sentences
ARecognizing Parallel Structure
BUsing Parallel Structure
Items in a Series
■REVIEW CHECKLIST: Using Parallelism
AUsing Specific Words
Using Specific Words
BUsing Concise Language
DAvoiding Clichés
EUsing Similes and Metaphors
FAvoiding Sexist Language
FOCUSAvoiding Sexist Language
■REVIEW CHECKLIST: Using Words Effectively
UNIT REVIEW
ARecognizing Run-Ons
BCorrecting Run-Ons
CPhrase Fragments
EDependent Clause Fragments
■REVIEW CHECKLIST: Sentence Fragments
AUnderstanding Subject-Verb Agreement
BCompound Subjects
DWords between Subject and Verb
Words between Subject and Verb
ECollective Noun Subjects
FIndefinite Pronoun Subjects
GVerbs before Subjects
CHAPTER REVIEW
■REVIEW CHECKLIST: Subject-Verb Agreement
BShifts in Person
■REVIEW CHECKLIST: Illogical Shifts
ACorrecting Misplaced Modifiers
BCorrecting Dangling Modifiers
■REVIEW CHECKLIST: Misplaced and Dangling Modifiers
CProblem Verbs: Be
DProblem Verbs: Can/CouldandWill/Would
Will/Would
■REVIEW CHECKLIST: Verbs: Past Tense
CThe Present Perfect Tense
The Present Perfect Tense
DThe Past Perfect Tense
The Past Perfect Tense
EPast Participles as Adjectives
■REVIEW CHECKLIST: Verbs: Past Participles
AIdentifying Nouns
BForming Plural Nouns
CIdentifying Pronouns
DPronoun-Antecedent Agreement
ESpecial Problems with Agreement
Compound Antecedents
Indefinite Pronoun Antecedents
Collective Noun Antecedents
FVague and Unnecessary Pronouns
Vague Pronouns
Unnecessary Pronouns
Subjective Case
Objective Case
Possessive Case
HSpecial Problems with Pronoun Case
Pronouns in Comparisons
IReflexive and Intensive Pronouns
Reflexive and Intensive Pronouns
Reflexive Pronouns
Intensive Pronouns
■REVIEW CHECKLIST: Nouns and Pronouns
AIdentifying Adjectives and Adverbs
BComparatives and Superlatives
Forming Comparatives and Superlatives
■REVIEW CHECKLIST: Adjectives and Adverbs
ASubjects in Sentences
CCount and Noncount Nouns
DDeterminers with Count and Noncount Nouns
The Definite Article
Indefinite Articles
No Article
Articles with Proper Nouns
FNegative Statements and Questions
IModal Auxiliaries
KPlacing Modifiers in Order
Required Order
Preferred Order
MPrepositions in Familiar Expressions
NPrepositions in Phrasal Verbs
Separable Phrasal Verbs
Inseparable Phrasal Verbs
■REVIEW CHECKLIST: Grammar and Usage for ESL Writers
ACommas in a Series
BCommas with Introductory Phrases and Transitional Words and Phrases
CCommas with Appositives
DCommas with Nonrestrictive Clauses
ECommas in Dates and Addresses
Dates
FUnnecessary Commas
■REVIEW CHECKLIST: Using Commas
AApostrophes in Contractions
BApostrophes in Possessives
Singular Nouns and Indefinite Pronouns
CIncorrect Use of Apostrophes
■REVIEW CHECKLIST: Using Apostrophes
ACapitalizing Proper Nouns
BPunctuating Direct Quotations
CSetting Off Titles
DUsing Minor Punctuation Marks
Parentheses
■REVIEW CHECKLIST: Understanding Mechanics
ECommonly Confused Words
■REVIEW CHECKLIST: Understanding Spelling
BECOMING A CRITICAL READER
FWriting a Response Paragraph
GReading in the Classroom, in the Community, and in the Workplace
Reading Textbooks
Reading Newspapers
Reading Web Sites
Reading on the Job
■REVIEW CHECKLIST: Reading for College
1Orientation Strategies
2First-Week Strategies
3Day-to-Day Strategies
4Time-Management Strategies
5Note-Taking Strategies
After Class
Before the Next Class
6Homework Strategies
7Exam-Taking Strategies
Before the Exam
During the Exam
1Choosing a Topic
Finding Information in the Library
Finding Information on the Internet
Summarizing
4Watching Out for Plagiarism
Rule 1.Document Ideas from Your Sources
Rule 3.Use Your Own Phrasing
Rule 4.Distinguish Your Ideas from the Source’s Ideas
5Stating Your Thesis
6Making an Outline
7Writing Your Paper
8Documenting Your Sources
Parenthetical References in the Text
The Works-Cited List
Sample Essay Using MLA Style
1Dealing with Anxiety
2Preparing for Standardized Tests
3Tips for Multiple-Choice Questions
4Tips for Essay Questions
1Defining Your Goals
2Learning about Job Openings
3Marketing Yourself
4Sample Job-Application Materials
Answers to Odd-Numbered Exercise Items
Index
Correction Symbols
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Writing First

Writing First

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Published by lalauretta
Writing First
Writing First

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Published by: lalauretta on Feb 28, 2014
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