Effects of Fabric Alkalinity in Resin Finishing
Alkali (caustic or soda ash) is used in processing almost all cotton products.
Alkali sticks to cotton (like a magnet).
The cost of the water, energy and time needed to remove all the alkali is significant.
Residual alkali is one of the major causes of quality problems in cotton products.
Some experiments were run to demonstrate the problem and the importance of thorough rinsing orneutralization.
Wetting Agent (10% Solution)0.73DMDHEU Resin8.72Catalyst2.18Polyethylene Softener (Cationic)2.18Aminofunctional Silicone2.18*OWB, On Weight of Bath, WPU - 90%
Spray on chemicalsTumble for 30 minutes for equilibraionTumble dry to low moisture (10-15%)PressCure at 300F (149C) for 15 minutes
Total, %Sample IDAlkalinity (%), Total