Introduced in this chapter is Doña Victorina, a memorable and insufferablecharacter of the Noli.
Questions and Answers
What undesirable traits of Filipinos were mentioned in this chapter?
Attending parties even if not invited, extravagant parties (because no one knewhow many people were coming), the host does not get to eat dinner.
How did Rizal liken the Philippines to Capitan Tiago's house?
The country,like the house, is open to all (Philippine hospitality). But Filipinos are notinterested in business or entrepreneurship, and have a hard time embracing newideas (because of conservatism). Any new endeavor is met with doubts frommany sectors, but once success is achieved, everyone wants to share in the glory.
What is the significance of the argument between Padre Damaso andTeniente Guevara?
This exemplifies the difficulty of uniting Church and State.Take note of the assassination of Capitan Heneral Bustamante. History also tellsof the bloody struggle for the Spanish throne between the liberal supporters of Queen Cristina and the friar-supported Carlist movement.
What was the effect of this on Philippine government?
Frequent changes inthe Spanish monarchy translated to a high turnover of Capitan Henerales in thePhilippines. Given their short stint, these men in government took eitheradvantage of their position by engaging in corruption, or did not bother to governwell.
What was Padre Damaso mad about?
He was upset about his being sentaway from San Diego, where he served as parish priest for 20 years. He gotangry at someone and branded him a heretic. When the "heretic" died, he wasburied in the church (because Padre Damaso was not around). When PadreDamaso returned, he ordered the body exhumed and buried in the Chinesecemetery. This unjust act was reported to the Capitan Heneral by TenienteGuevara, and Padre Damaso was transferred out of San Diego.Padre Damaso started to say something about letters being lost during his transfer, buthe did not finish his sentence. Actually, these are letters written to Padre Damaso bysome...woman.
Chapter 2: Crisostomo Ibarra
We meet Juan Crisostomo Ibarra y Magsalin, the son of the late Don Rafael Ibarra (theman whose body was exhumed). Crisostomo gets confused when Padre Damaso, thefriar whom Crisostomo thought was a close friend of his deceased father, said that DonRafael was never a close friend of his.Fortunately, the soldier had kinder words to say about Don Rafael. Another good friendof Don Rafael, Capitan Tinong of Tondo, invited Crisostomo for tomorrow's lunch.Crisostomo declined, saying he was leaving for San Diego the following day.An attendant announced that dinner was served.
Padre Sibyla, Padre Damaso, and Teniente Guevara were surprisedto see Crisostomo Ibarra accompanied by Capitan Tiago. Thismeans they did not know the purpose of the dinner.
Ibarra spent seven years in Europe.
Ibarra's name shows that his mother is a Filipina (Magsalin).