Welcome to Scribd. Sign in or start your free trial to enjoy unlimited e-books, audiobooks & documents.Find out more
Download
Standard view
Full view
of .
Look up keyword
Like this
5Activity
0 of .
Results for:
No results containing your search query
P. 1
MicroProcessor and Micro Controller

MicroProcessor and Micro Controller

Ratings: (0)|Views: 297|Likes:
Published by kiransurekir

More info:

Published by: kiransurekir on Oct 13, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

09/06/2011

pdf

text

original

 
 
DC MOTOR
CONTROLLING SYSTEM
Submitted By 
Kiran Subramaniam S
III Year BE/CSEAC07UCS033
 
DC Motor Controlling System
DC MOTOR CONTROLLING SYSTEM
 
INTRODUCTION:
 
 Now a days DC motors plays a vital role in most of the industrial areas, it can be seen inmost of the electronic devices. They are mainly used for the mechanical movements of physicalapplications such as rolling the bundle of sheets or CD drives, lifts etc.
 
Many methods evolved to control the revolution of a motor. DC motors can becontrolled either by software or directly by hardware. Software controlling needs computerswhich are bulky and common man cannot afford for it, so hardware controls are in use. Even inhardware if it is programmable device then it is preferred because it can be modeled according tothe requirements of the user.
 
Advantages of using PIC over other controlling devices for controlling the DC motor are given below:
 
1. SPEED:
The execution of an instruction in PIC IC is very fast (in micro seconds) and can be changed by changing the oscillator frequency. One instruction generally takes 0.2microseconds.
 
2. COMPACT:
The PIC IC will make the hardware circuitry compact.
 
3. RISC PROCESSOR:
The instruction set consists only 35 instructions.
 
4. EPROM PROGRAM MEMORY:
Program can be modified and rewritten very easily.
5. INBUILT HARDWARE SUPPORT:
Since PIC IC has inbuilt programmable timers, ports and interrupts, no extra hardware is needed.
 
6. POWERFUL OUTPUT PIN CONTROL:
Output pins can be driven to high state, using asingle instruction. The output pin can drive a load up to 25mA.
 
7. INBUILT I/O PORTS EXPANSIONS:
This reduces the extra IC’s which are needed for  port expansion and port can be expanded very easily.
 
8.
 
INTEGRATION OF OPERATIONAL FEATURES
: Power on reset and brown/out protection ensures that the chip operates only when the supply voltage is within specification. Awatchdog timer resets PIC if the chip ever malfunctions and deviates from its normal operation.
 
 
DC Motor Controlling System
BASIC IDEA
 
There are two types of DC motors, unidirectional and bidirectional. Unidirectional rotatesin only one direction and it is specially meant for some specific applications while the bidirectional can be rotated in the clock-wise or the anti-clockwise direction. This the mostwidely used for industrial applications. There are two parameters to be considered in controllingthe movements of a DC motor.1. DIRECTION.
 
2. SPEED.The first thing that can be controlled in a motor is its direction of rotation. Direction of themotor can be controlled by controlling the polarity of the current flowing through it. Usually aDC motors are driven by famous H-Bridge circuits made up of either transistors or the buffers or any other suitable methods.Controlling the speed of the motor is another important area to be considered. The speedof motor is directly proportional to the DC voltage applied across its terminals. Hence, if wecontrol the voltage applied across its terminal we actually control its speed.
 
A PWM (Pulse Width Modulation) wave can be used to control the speed of the motor.Here the average voltage given or the average current flowing through the motor will changedepending on the ON and OFF time of the pulses controlling the speed of the motor i.e.. The dutycycle of the wave controls its speed.This project is developed with a
PIC IC 61F84A
, which is programmable. The word
PIC
 stands for 
PERIPHERAL INTERFACE CONTROLLER 
, a single chip microcontroller isdeveloped by Microchip technology.
 
HARDWARE DESCRIPTION
 
BLOCK DIAGRAM OF THE DC MOTOR CONTROLLING SYSTEM
 
The block diagram of the circuit is shown above. This circuit controls the speed anddirection of the motor. The PWM (Pulse Width modulation) output from the four port pins isgiven to the H-Bridge circuit which drives the motor. On changing the duty cycle (ON time), we

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
scribd
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->