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Chap 1- Election

Chap 1- Election

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Published by: Furanshiso on Oct 13, 2009
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01/12/2013

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Republic of the Philippines
Polytechnic University of the Philippines
Taguig Campus
General Santos Avenue, Lower Bicutan, Taguig City
Tel Nos. 837-5858 to 60
College of EngineeringElectronics and Communications Engineering Department
“Biometrics Fingerprint Recognition in the Central Student CouncilElection at Polytechnic University of the Philippines Taguig Campus”ABSTRACT and CHAPTER 1
In Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements of the degree Bachelor of Science inElectronics and Communications EngineeringAlvarez, Raponzel B.Caravana, Jurami Lourdes R.Firme, Jennifer D.Manalo, Jeffrey Gerard S.Manongsong, Melissa Joy B.July 25, 2009
 
ABSTRACT
Here in the Philippines, people vote through traditional way: writing manually thenames of their chosen candidates in an ordinary piece of paper. It has always been aburden for the public teachers who serve as poll watchers to do the counting of voteswhich took for days to be done manually. Also, on the part of the security, many liveswere always at risk during these times due to own interests of other people. Given thattechnology is rapidly advancing, almost everything can be automated so as the electionhere in our country. Because of this, the researchers had come up of an idea to innovatethe traditional way of manual voting by making it technically advanced.As a prototype, the group will conduct an automated election on a smaller scaleduring the presidential election in Association of Electronics and CommunicationsEngineering Students at PUP-Taguig to prove the possibility of the proposed projectwherein a database system using biometric technology of fingerprint scanning inaccessing the authentication of votes in making the election fast and at the same time,no more human errors.The equipments that will be used with this automated election system include thefingerprint scanner, monitors for the representation of the candidates during the electionperiod and a computer set. During the registration period, all the necessary data willserve as an input for the database program which is, conversely, integrated to thefingerprint scanner. These data includes the name of the person, home address, contactdetails, their year level, student number and the scanned finger print. On the other hand,during the election period, the computer has a programmed database that can beaccessed by using the scanned finger print which was saved during the registrationperiod. By means of the entries saved beforehand, the voters can fully access their rightto chose their candidates which will be shown on a monitor in which, automaticallycounted by the programmed database connected to the database system of the basecomputer set.The success of this project thesis will be beneficial to all the students especiallyto the committees who have been working real hard tallying the votes. The automationof election in PUP-T through fingerprint recognition proved to be very competent andconvenient.
 
1.
INTRODUCTION
This chapter begins with the brief discussion of the background of the study.Biometrics, more specifically, fingerprint recognition shall be discussed in this study.The main goal, which is to automate the election with the use of fingerprint scanner, willfurther be given importance. Objectives are also enumerated under this chapter. Inaddition to this, the scope and delimitation are also given into consideration. And toconclude, the significance of the study will end this chapter.
1.1 Background of the Study
Traditional methods of personal authentication, such as keys, cards, PINs andpasswords are becoming less convenient and less secure as they are under constantattack from more and more sophisticated cyber-criminals. Biometrics is the most secureand convenient authentication tool. It can't be borrowed, stolen, or forgotten, and forgingone is practically impossible. Replacement part surgery, by the way, is outside thescope. Biometrics measure individuals' unique physical or behavioral characteristics torecognize or authenticate their identity. Common physical biometrics include fingerprints;hand or palm geometry; and retina, iris, or facial characteristics. The most mature, mostwidely accepted and therefore most often used biometric technology is fingerprintrecognition. We find it really interesting and were very challenged on putting thistechnology in to our annual Central Student Council election to ensure a fraud less andunintrusive election. But just on the smaller scale, we would like to implement it first inour annual AECES election.A fingerprint looks at the patterns found on a fingertip. There are a variety of approaches to fingerprint verification. Some emulate the traditional police method of matching minutiae; others use straight pattern-matching devices; and still others are a bitmore unique, including things like moiré fringe patterns and ultrasonic. Some verificationapproaches can detect when a live finger is presented; some cannot. A greater varietyof fingerprint devices is available than for any other biometrics. As the prices of thesedevices and processing costs fall, using fingerprints for user verification is gainingacceptance—despite the common-criminal stigma.This project thesis is based exclusively on fingerprints, due to the relatively lowcost, small size, and ease of integration of fingerprint authentication devices. The

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