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Sinopse taxonômica de Cactaceae epifíticas no Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil By: Bauer,Danielle ;Waechter,Jorge Luiz

Sinopse taxonômica de Cactaceae epifíticas no Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil By: Bauer,Danielle ;Waechter,Jorge Luiz

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Published by John Gamesby
Sinopse taxonômica de Cactaceae epifíticas no Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil
By: Bauer,Danielle ;Waechter,Jorge Luiz
Sinopse taxonômica de Cactaceae epifíticas no Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil
By: Bauer,Danielle ;Waechter,Jorge Luiz

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Published by: John Gamesby on Mar 01, 2014
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ISSN
 
0102-3306
Acta Bot. Bras. vol.20 no.1 São Paulo Jan. / Mar. 2006
http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-33062006000100021
Taxonomic synopsis of epiphytic Cactaceae in Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil
 
Taxonomic synopsis of epiphytic Cactaceae in Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil
 
Danielle Bauer
I, 1
  !or"e #uiz $aechter
II
I
 Deliverance Street 136 !"# 933$$-9%0 Ne& 'a()*rg #orto +legre ,S rail
II
 ederal niverit o ,io 4rande do S*l Depart(ent o otan Intit*te o iocience +venida ento 4onalve 9500 Sector I !"# 91509 - 900 !a(p* do ale #orto +legre ,S rail 
ABSTRACT
+ taxono(ic t*d o epiphtic !actaceae &a cond*cted in the tate o ,io 4rande do S*l rail. 7he revie& incl*de identiication ill*tration ecological and taxono(ic re(ar8 geographical ditri)*tion and ti(ing o lo&ering and r*iting pecie 8e. + total o ix genera and 13 pecie &ere o*nd t&o co((onl accidental epiphte
Cereus alacriportanus
#eier. and
Opuntia monacantha
 'a&. and 11 tr*e epiphte or c*to(ar
Epiphyllum  phyllanthus
 .; 'a&.
Hatiora rosea
 agerh.; arthlott
cruciform Lepismium
 ell.; <i=.
L. houlletianum
 e(.; arthlott
L.lumbricoides
 e(.; arthlott
L. warmingianum
 >. Sch*(.; arthlott
Rhipsalis field- portoana
 oegr.
R.cereuscula
 'a&.
R. floccosa
 Sal(-Dc8 ex #eier.
R. paradoxa
 Sal(-Dc8 ex #eier.; Sal(-Dc8 and
R.esters
 ell.; Ste*d. ?ne pecie
R. portoana-fields
  i reported or the irt ti(e or the State o ,io 4rande do S*l
%ey&ords'
 !actaceae epiphti( taxono( ,io 4rande do S*l rail
ABSTRACT
 
+ taxono(ic t*d o epiphtic !actaceae in ,io 4rande do S*l State rail &a !arried ?cto)er 7he *rve preent identiication 8e ill*tration ecological and taxono(ical o)ervation geographic ditri)*tion and lo&ering and r*iting period o the pecie. 7he total o ix genera and 13 pecie &ere o*nd t&o )eing co((on accidental epiphte
Cereus alacriportanus
 #eier. and
Opuntia monacantha
 'a&. and 11 tr*e epiphte or elective
Epiphyllum phyllanthus
 .; 'a&.
Hatiora rosea
 agerh.; arthlott
cruciform Lepismium
ell.; <i=.
L. houlletianum
 e(.; arthlott
L. lumbricoides
 e(.; arthlott
L. warmingianum
 >. Sch*(.; arthlott
Rhipsalis field- portoana
 oegr.
R. cereuscula
 'a&.
R. floccosa
 Sal(-Dc8 ex #eier.
R. paradoxa
Sal(-Dc8 ex #eier.; Sal(-Dc8 and
R. esters
 ell.; Ste*d. ?ne pecie
R. portoana-fields
  i ,eerred or the irt ti(e or ,io 4rande do S*l State.
%ey &ords'
 !actaceae epiphti( taxono( ,io 4rande do S*l rail 
Introduction
7he !actaceae i Neotropical and o*nd (ainl in arid and e(i-arid environ(ent )*t a)o*t 220 epiphtic pecie are adapted to lie in h*(id tropical and *)tropical oret. 7he epiphtic cacti (ainl )elong to the *)a(il !actoideae the tri)e and 'locereeae ,hipalideae arthlott 19@3;. +ccidental epiphti( can )e o*nd in other *)a(ilie and tri)e a in ?p*ntioideae and !ereeae Aaechter 199@B 4ill C Aaechter 2003;.7he tri)e 'locereeae involve epiphtic or r*picolo* plant )ent or lattened te( and lo&er (edi*( to large da or night. 7he ix genera o the tri)e
Pseudorhipsalis
 
isocactus
 
Epiphyllum
 
!elenicereus
 
Hylocereus
 and
"eber ocereus
 ; are poorl deined and occ*r n*(ero* intergeneric h)ridiation. <ot pecie i concentrated in !entral +(erica the center o &ealth o the tri)e and a e& pecie extend thro*gho*t tropical +(erica arthlott C '*nt 1993;. 7he gen*
Epiphyllum
 i &idel ditri)*ted in So*th +(erica extending to the pecie
Epiphyllum phyllanthus
 .; 'a&. to #arag*a and o*thern rail >i(nach 196$;.7he ,hipalideae tri)e revie&ed ) arthlott C 7alor 1995; c*rrentl ha onl o*r genera 
Lepismium
 
Rhipsalis
 
Hatiora
 and
!chlumbergera
 ; and *rro*nd epiphtic r*picolo* or terretrial plant clindrical te( lattened or ang*lated and lo&er in general (all and di*rnal . It occ*r (ainl in eatern So*th +(erica and ha the diverit center located in o*theatern rail and eatern olivia. +(ong the pecie o the tri)e ive are ditri)*ted to !entral +(erica and onl one
Rhipsalis baccifera
 S <*ell.; Stearn reache paleotrEpico arthlott C '*nt 1993;.7he (ain t*die o epiphtic cacti in rail &ere peror(ed ) Sch*(ann 1@90; oegren 1915 191%; and ,itter 19%9; and regional t*die ) Scheinvar 19@5; to Santa !atarina o()ardi 1991 1995; to the State o SFo #a*lo reita 1992 1996 199%; or the State o ,io de aneiro.
 
>no&ledge o epiphtic cacti in ,io 4rande do S*l i (ainl on loritic phtoociological and t*die on vac*lar epiphte. +(ong thee are the &or8 o ,a()o 1951 195$) 1956a 1956) 1961; on oret in ,io 4rande do S*l rac8
et al 
 . 19@5; and ,ogal8i C Ganin 2003; a)o*t the rain oret o the pper r*g*a Aaechter 19@6 199@; and 4ill C Aaechter 2003; on vac*lar epiphte in the !oatal #lain and 4iongo C Aaechter 200$; on epiphte in Depreion !entral. 7he literat*re cite 20 c*rrentl valid pecie o epiphtic cacti native to the tate.7hi &or8 ai( to the taxono(ic t*d o epiphtic cacti in ,io 4rande do S*l thi t*d analtical 8e are preented or the identiication o conir(ed taxa graphic ecological and taxono(ic o)ervation ditri)*tion in the &orld and the tate and period o lo&ering and r*iting pecie. 
(aterial and methods
7he taxono(ic t*d involved a revie& o the ollo&ing her)aria: '# ', ',4 I!N <#! #+!+ and #" 'ol(gren
et al 
 1990.;.  '",+,+ ,egional Integrated niverit o 'igh r*g*a and <iion; ' NI+7"S; and '!S 'er)ari*( - her)ari*( her)ari*( o '! niverit o Santa !r* do S*l; 'D! Depart(ent o oret Science ederal niverit o Santa <aria; &ere alo exa(ined niverit o !axia do S*l; not indexed.7he collection and o)ervation o plant (aterial &ere peror(ed ) (ean o exc*rion in the period *l 2003 to Nove()er 200$ the (aHor oret tpe in ,io 4rande do S*l e& collection o (aterial one or t&o; &ere done or pecie retricted ditri)*tion in the tate &ith the ai( o preerving the(. 7he (aterial &a collected and incorporated into the her)ari*( 'er)ari*( Depart(ent o otan ederal niverit o ,io 4rande do S*l I!N; #orto +legre ,io 4rande do S*l in (aterial elected one vo*cher peci(en &a cited ) phiographic region o the tate orte 1959;. or accidental epiphtic pecie
alacriportanus Cereus
 and
Opuntia monacantha
 J*ote collection &ere placed in (*nicipalitie &here terretrial (aterial occ*r along &ith epiphtic (aterial.7he identiication o peci(en &a peror(ed ) the literat*re >i(nach 196$B arthlott 19@%B arthlott and '*nt 1993B arthlott C 7alor 1995B +nderon 2001; and co(pared &ith decription o her)al (aterial. Aere conidered in identiing peciic taxa and reerence cited inraepecKica categorie to ,io 4rande do S*l in the )i)liograph arthlott C 7alor 1995; &ere (ade.7he claiication adopted or the a(il &a to arthlott C '*nt 1993; and the ,hipalideae arthlott C 7alor 1995; tri)e. 7he na(e o the a*thor o the pecie and the =*ote o the original &or8 &ere (ade according to the inor(ation *)(itted electronicall ) the <io*ri otanical 4arden A37ropico.200$; and econd Stale* C !o&an 19%6-19@@;.In the preparation o analtical 8e tpical no(enclat*re &a *ed or the !actaceae a(il +nderon 2001B arthlott 19@%B arthlott C '*nt 1993; a predo(inantl lateral; (eotLnica )ranching and acrotLnica predo(inantl apical; epalEide and petaloid external and internal eg(ent o the perianth repectivel; artKc*lo artic*lated eg(ent o the hoot te(; areola &hich )*tton (erite(atic tr*ct*re e(erge a thorn lo&er r*it and ne& cladodio; pericarpelo ovarian te( covered &ith a)ric; and glo=*Kdio decid*o* t*t o tin thorn and ganchoo (icrocopicall;. 7he (ea*re o

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