Welcome to Scribd, the world's digital library. Read, publish, and share books and documents. See more
Download
Standard view
Full view
of .
Look up keyword
Like this
6Activity
0 of .
Results for:
No results containing your search query
P. 1
Shark Products

Shark Products

Ratings: (0)|Views: 2,022 |Likes:

More info:

Published by: Global Wildlife Warriors on Oct 14, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as DOC, PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

05/18/2013

pdf

text

original

 
 
Shark Products
The Shark Trust would like to thank Nigel Hulbert who kindly agreed to create this document. All content wasresearched by Nigel and any opinions featured in this document are his own.If you would like to volunteer with the Shark Trust please email:enquiries@sharktrust.org
 
Contents
Introduction
Shark cartilage
Shark liver oil
Shark fin trade
Shark meat
Internal organs and other edible products
Shark hides
Shark teeth and jaws
Taxidermy sharks
Aquarium trade
Sport Fishing
Art
Good News
Conclusion
About the Author 
References
Introduction
Massive consumer demand for shark fins and other shark related products have created an industrymotivated by high returns. Shark fins have become one of the world’s most precious commodities reaching astronomic figures. It wasrecently reported that the dorsal fin of a whale shark alone fetched $15,000 at market. It is not surprising,therefore, that more than 125 countries around the world, including the UK, now trade in shark productscontributing to an uncontrollable surge in the number taken from the oceans of the world. In the last 50 years the slaughter of sharks has risen by 400% and by 2017 it is anticipated that 20 species of shark could become extinct (1).
 
What follows is a list of the ‘most popular’ shark products.
Author: Nigel Hulbert
1
 
Shark cartilage
 
Shark cartilage is a hugely popular dietary supplement that has been credited with providing health benefits topeople suffering from ailments such as arthritis, fibromyalgia and cancer (2).
 
Do sharks hold the cure to cancer?
No. Contrary to popular belief sharks do get cancer. John Coffey a cancer biologist at John HopkinsUniversity succinctly said, “I don’t think there is any benefit to buying shark cartilage and eating it [as ananticacinogenic] any more than I think that eating rabbit will make me run faster.” In addition an articleappearing in the December 2004 issue of "Cancer Research" confirmed that shark cartilage preparationshave to date shown absolutely no effect in treating cancer. Shark cartilage can easily be bought online; here are just two examples of websites selling this shark product:
To find out more about shark cartilage products visit the Shark Trust campaign ‘Shark Cartilage: abitter pill?’Click Here
Shark liver oil
Shark liver oil is an old established natural health product used in ancient times in Norway and Sweden topromote the healing of wounds, irritations of the respiratory and gastrointestinal tract and general debility.Over 100 years later, scientific studies researching the health benefits of shark liver oil have sparked newinterest in various components found in the oil that exert beneficial effects on the body. Shark liver oil hasbeen found to be rich in two very important constituents: alkylglycerols and squalene. Alkylglycerols areinvolved in the production of white blood cells. They increase the amount of white blood cells whose major function is to destroy bacteria, fungi and viruses. Squalene exerts a positive effect on liver and immunefunction and plays an important role in the skin as a fungistatic and carcinogen protective agent from UVexposure.
Author: Nigel Hulbert
2
 
(3)Oil extracted from the livers of sharks is becoming increasingly popular as a booster for the immune systemand even as a way of preventing cancer.Looking at industrial usage, the squalene from sharks is, for example, used as a basis for lubricants andcleaning agents, even though the equivalent squalene compound can be got from plants.Shark-based squalene has a readily available substitute on the market that comes from a purely vegetableorigin. Squalene can be obtained from olives (a component of olive oil) and it has the same qualities of animal-based squalene and is less expensive than the animal version.
Shark fin trade
The most damaging to sharks, it would appear that very few sharks are safe from this.Finning is a terribly destructive practice that involves catching a shark, cutting off its fins and discarding therest of the animal, which is often thrown back into the water to die.As many as 100 million sharks die in this way every year, causing immense damage to shark populations.Shark fins are considered a delicacy in some parts of the world, notably East Asia. A bowl of shark’s fin soupcan fetch as much as $100, making sharks highly profitable for fishermen and the demand for them is risingas the Asian population grows.Some countries, notably the USA, have banned shark finning in the last few years, but such bans are difficultto enforce elsewhere, especially as sharks regularly migrate across international boundaries. Finning is stillpractised all over the world, in places as far apart as South America and Australia, and many species aredeclining as a result. Blue sharks in particular are at great risk, and some authorities estimate that 90% of finsare gathered from this one species alone.Like hundreds of other fish species, sharks are under increasing pressure from the global fishing industry. Asstocks of edible fish decline all over the world, many fishing fleets are turning to sharks as an alternative foodsource, with potentially catastrophic effects, not just on shark populations, but on the marine ecosystem too.Shark populations take a long time to recover from overfishing. They grow very slowly and take a long time toreach sexual maturity – 20 years or more in some species. When they do reproduce, they produce very fewoffspring compared to other food fish species. These factors have already endangered several species of shark, particularly in coastal areas with large populations to feed, such as the North Atlantic coast of America.The decline in the number of sharks has serious consequences for the ecosystems in which they live. Sharksare a vital part of the food chain, and their predatory nature helps to keep populations of their prey species in
Author: Nigel Hulbert
3

Activity (6)

You've already reviewed this. Edit your review.
1 hundred reads
1 thousand reads
Barry Hilll liked this
Michael Jason Flaherty added this note
Under “Taxidermy” your taxonomy is incorrect, both sharks are incorrectly identified. The first is not a Bull Shark, Carcharhinus leucas (Red Listed, Near Threatened), but a Spiny Dogfish Shark (Piked Dogfish), Squalus acanthians, this by the way is probably the most fished shark species, it is also the species that is sold in mass to schools all across the world for dissection. It is labeled as “
KIMVEN72 liked this
KIMVEN72 liked this

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->