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Cuvinte tracice reconstruite

Cuvinte tracice reconstruite

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Published by: Agun000 on Oct 14, 2009
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The Language of the Thracians,
Ivan Duridanov
V. The Thracian vocabulary
 The reconstructed (mainly from nouns and adjectives) 180 Thracian words, together with the 23words, explicitly characterized as Thracian, is all we have from the Thracian language.Here are listed these 180 reconstructed words:
( H = hydronym; RN = river name; VN = village name; PN = place name)
 
achel-
‘water (noun), water (adj.)’ [Lith. H Akl, Phryg. akala ‘water’].
aiz-
‘a goat’ [Armen. aic, Greek aix].
ala
‘current, stream’ [Latv. H Alaja, Lith. al'ti ‘flooded’].
alta(s)
‘current, stream’ [Illyrian RN Altus, Russ. (from Balt.) RN Al
 
ta].
an(a)
‘at, on’ [Avest. ana ‘along’, Greek aná ‘at, along’, Goth. ana ‘at, towards’].
ang-
‘curved, twisting’ [Old-Ind. ancati ‘a curve’, Greek ankos ‘valley, abyss’].
ant(i)
‘against’ [Old-Ind. ánti ‘against, nearby, the Lith. añt ‘towards, against’, Toch.
 
nt‘through’, Greek antí ‘against’, etc.].
apa, aphus
‘water, river; a spring’ [Old-Pruss. ape ‘river’, apus ‘spring’, Old-Ind. p- ‘water’].
apsa
‘aspen’ [Altin apse ‘aspen’, Old-Pruss. abse, Pol. osa (from Proto-Slavic *aps
 
), Old-HighGerman aspa ‘aspen’].
arma
‘swamp, bog’ [Lith. arma ‘bog, puddle’, armuõ, -eñs ‘the same’].
ars-
‘to flow; current, river’ [Old-Pruss. RN Arsio, Arse, Old-Ind. árati ‘to flow’, Hett. ar-‘the same’].
arta(s)
,
arda(s)
‘current. river’ [Old-Ind. árdati ‘to flow’, Greek ard ‘to bedew’].
arzas
‘white’ [Greek argós ‘white’, Toch. A
 
rki-, B rkwi- ‘white’, Hett. kar-ki-is ‘white’].
asa(s)
‘stone’,
as(a)m
‘stony’ [Old-Ind. as’man ‘stone; heaven’, Avest. asman- ‘the same’,Pelasg. asáminthos (stone) bath’, Lith. akmuõ, -eñs ‘stone’].
at
‘at, towards’ [Latv. ad ‘at, towards’, Old-Icel. at ‘at, opposite to’].
 
ath-
‘high, steep coast, a hill’ [Greek akt ‘steep coast, peninsula, cape’].
at(u)
‘current, stream’ [Latv. RN Adula, German Attel, Avest. adu- ‘current, stream, channel’].
bebrus
‘beaver’ [Lith. bebrus ‘beaver’, Old-Pruss. b
 
 brus, Bulg. VN Bebrovo, Old-HighGerman bibar, etc.].
bend-
‘to bind’ [Old-Ind. bándhana- ‘binding’, Avest. bandayaiti ‘to bind’, Goth, Anglo-Saxon bindan, German binden ‘to bind’].
beras
‘brown, swarthy’ [Lith. b'ras ‘brown’, Latv. brs ‘the same’, Old-HighGerman bero ‘a bear’ (initially ‘brown’)].
berga(s)
‘hill, bank’ [Old-Icel. berg ‘mountain’, Old-HighGerman berg, German Berg‘mountain’, Old-Bulg. breg, New-Bulg. brjag ‘bank, coast’].
berza(s)
‘birch’ [Lith. béras, Latv. b
 
rzs, dial. bêrza, Old-Pruss. berse, Russ. berëza, Bulg. breza ‘birch’].
bredas
‘pasture-ground’ [Russ. bred, bredina ‘pasture’, bresti, bredu ‘to cross by a ford’, Balt.(Zhemait.) RN Bred-upja].
brentas
(
brendas
) ‘deer’ [Messap. bréndon ‘deer’].
brink-
‘to swell’ [Lith. brìnkti [brìnkstu) ‘to swell’, Pol. na-brekac' ‘the same’].
bruzas
‘quick’ [Lith. bas ‘somebody who runs to and fro’, the Slavic *b
 
rz, Bulg. bz].
bur
,
buris
(
boris
) ‘man’ [Alb. burrë ‘man’].
burt-
(
burd-
) ‘a ford’ [Slavic *brod, Bulg. brod ‘a ford’].
b zas
‘a goat’ [Avest. b
 
za- ‘a goat’].
chalas
‘mud’ [Old-Bulg. kal, New-Bulg. kal ‘mud’, Czech kal ‘swamp; mud. soft soil’].
dama
‘settlement, place for settling’ [Old-Ind. dh
 
man- ‘place for dwelling’, Greek thaimós‘house’].
daphas
‘a flood’ [Lith. dãpas ‘a flood’, Norw. dial. dave ‘puddle, pool’].
darsas
(
dersas
) ‘brave, courageous’ [Old-Pruss. dyrsos (pl.) ‘able, brave’, Avest. dar 
 
yu-‘brave, strong’].
 
datan
(
datas
) ‘place, settlement’ [Alb. datë ‘place, settlement].
dentu-
‘clan, tribe’ [Latv. gens ‘clan, tribe’].
desa(s)
,
disa(s)
‘deity, god’ [Greek théos ‘god’].
dinga
‘fertile ground [Latv. dinga ‘fertile place’, Old-Icel. dyngia ‘dunghill’].
diza
‘fortress’ [Avest. uz-daza ‘a heaping, a fortification’, Old-Pers. did, New-Pers. diz, d
 
z‘fortress’].
d n
‘place, country(side)’ [Old-Ir. d, Gen. don ‘place, country(side)’, Greek chth
 
n ‘soil,land’].
drenis
‘deer’ [Alb. Geg dre, dreni ‘deer’].
dumas
‘dark’ [Lith. d'mas ‘dark, dark brown (for cattle)’, Latv. dms ‘dark brown’].
d n-
‘hill, mountain’ [Anglo-Saxon d
 
n hill, mountain’, German Düne ‘dune’].
e(i)b-
‘to flow, to drip’ [Pelasg. eib ‘to drip, to flow (out)’].
ermas
‘fierce, mad’ [Alb. jerm ‘furious, mad’].
esvas
(
ezvas
) ‘horse’ [Old-Ind. ás’va-h ‘horse’, Avest. aspa- ‘the same’, Latin equus, etc.].
gaidrus
‘bright, clear’ [Lith. gaidrùs ‘bright, clear (cloudless)’, Greek phaidrós ‘shining, bright,cheerful’].
gava(s)
‘county, countryside’ [Goth. gawi ‘county’, pre-Greek gaia, Att. g ‘land, region’].
germas
‘warm, hot’ [Old-Ind. gharmá- ‘heat’, Armen. j^erm’warm’, Greek thermós ‘the same’].
gesa
‘stork kingfisher’ [Old-Pruss. geeyse ‘kingfisher’, Latv. dzse ‘heron, kingfisher’].
gin-
‘to languish, to spoil, to dry out’ [Old-Kurian Ginulle (a stream), Latv. g'nins ‘to spoil, tolanguish’].
haimos
(
-on
),
*saimas (-an)
‘ridge, mountain chain’ [Old-Ind. simán- ‘ridge, boundary’, Irish s
 
m ‘chain’].
ida
(
ide
) ‘tree; forest’ [Old-Ir. fid, Gen. fedo ‘tree, trees, forest’].
iet(e)r
(=
 jeter
-) ‘quick, agile’ [Old-HighGerman
 
tar ‘quick’, Latv. ãtrs ‘quick’].

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