Evaluating Your Sources
4 W’s: Who, What, When, Why?
Because there is “bad” information out there
Out of date, incomplete, incorrect, misleading, deceptive, biased
Can’t tell just from appearances
Better sources = better paper = better grades
Critical thinking = better paper = better grades
A skill that makes a difference in consumer choices, health decisions, politics, andevery area of life.
4 Evaluation Factors:
(Who is responsible for the source?)
Author credentials available?
Is the author qualified to write on the topic?
(What kind of source is this?)
Is this a scholarly/peer reviewed source?
Are proper research methods followed?
Are proper citation/documentation methods followed?
(Is the source up-to-date enough?)
Does the topic you are researching require current data?
When was the information authored/created or last updated?
(What was the creator’s purpose for creating the source?)
Is there a discernable bias or agenda? Misinformation or propaganda?
Center for Learning and TechnologySUNY Empire State College- 1 - 7/20/09