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) is a small Greek island in the Aegean Sea. One of the northernmost islandsof the Dodecanese complex, it has a population of 2,998 and an area of 34.05 km
(13.15 sq mi). The highest point isProfitis Ilias, 269 metres (883 ft) above sea level. The
Municipality of Patmos
, which includes the offshore islandsof Arkoi (pop. 44), Marathos (pop. 5), and several uninhabited islets, has a total population of 3,047 (2011 census)
and a combined land area of 45.039 square kilometres (17.390 sq mi). It is part of the Kalymnos regional unit.Patmos' main communities are Chora (the capital city), and Skala, the only commercial port. Other settlements areGrikou and Kampos. The churches and communities on Patmos are of the Eastern Orthodox tradition. In 1999, theisland's historic center Chora, along with the Monastery of Saint John the Theologian and the Cave of theApocalypse, were declared World Heritage Sites by UNESCO.
The monastery was founded by Saint Christodulos.Patmos is also home to the Patmian School, a notable Greek seminary.Patmos is mentioned in the Bible Book of Revelation. The book's introduction states that its author, John, was onPatmos when he was given (and recorded) a vision from Jesus. Early Christian tradition identified this writer John of Patmos as John the Apostle, though some modern scholars are uncertain. As such, Patmos is a destination forChristian pilgrimage. Visitors can see the cave where John is said to have received his Revelation (the Cave of theApocalypse), and several monasteries on the island are dedicated to Saint John.Forbes in a 2009 research has named Patmos as Europe's Most Idyllic Place to live, due to the fact that "
Patmos hasevolved over the centuries but has not lost its air of quiet tranquility, which is one reason why people that know it return again and again
The current mayor of Patmos is Grigoris Kamposos.
John the Apostle on Patmos
by Jacopo Vignali.
The earliest remains of human settlements date to the MiddleBronze Age (c. 2000 BC). They consist of pottery shards fromKastelli, the most important archaeological site so far identified.Patmos is seldom mentioned by ancient writers. Therefore verylittle can be conjectured about the earliest inhabitants. In theClassical period, the Patmians prefer to identify themselves asDorians descending from the families of Argos, Sparta andEpidaurus, further mingling with people of Ionian ancestry.Judging from archaeological finds, Kastelli continued to play animportant role on the island throughout the Ancient Greek period(c. 750 BC-323 BC).During the 3rd century BC, in the Hellenistic period, thesettlement of Patmos acquired the form of an acropolis with animproved defence through a fortification wall and towers.