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Patmos

Patmos

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Published by: Diego Villa Caballero on Mar 03, 2014
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Patmos1
Patmos
Patmos€•‚ƒ„…
Chora and the Castle of Patmos
Location
Coordinates37€19
N
 
26€30
E
 [1]
Coordinates: 37€19
N
 
26€30
E
 [1]
GovernmentCountry: Greece
Administrative region:South AegeanRegional unit:Kalymnos
Population statistics (as of 2011)
[2]
Municipality
 - Population:3,047 - Area: 34.05 km
2
 (13 sq mi) - Density:89 /km
2
 (232 /sq mi)
Other
Time zone:EET/EEST (UTC+2/3)Elevation (min-max):0
 • 
269 m (0
 • 
883 ft)Postal code:855 xxTelephone:22470
 
Patmos2
Auto:ƒ, ,
Website
www.patmos.gov.gr
 [3]
Patmos
(Greek,
€•‚ƒ„…
; Italian:
 Patmo
) is a small Greek island in the Aegean Sea. One of the northernmost islandsof the Dodecanese complex, it has a population of 2,998 and an area of 34.05 km
2
 (13.15 sq mi). The highest point isProfitis Ilias, 269 metres (883 ft) above sea level. The
Municipality of Patmos
, which includes the offshore islandsof Arkoi (pop. 44), Marathos (pop. 5), and several uninhabited islets, has a total population of 3,047 (2011 census)
[4]
and a combined land area of 45.039 square kilometres (17.390 sq mi). It is part of the Kalymnos regional unit.Patmos' main communities are Chora (the capital city), and Skala, the only commercial port. Other settlements areGrikou and Kampos. The churches and communities on Patmos are of the Eastern Orthodox tradition. In 1999, theisland's historic center Chora, along with the Monastery of Saint John the Theologian and the Cave of theApocalypse, were declared World Heritage Sites by UNESCO.
[5]
The monastery was founded by Saint Christodulos.Patmos is also home to the Patmian School, a notable Greek seminary.Patmos is mentioned in the Bible Book of Revelation. The book's introduction states that its author, John, was onPatmos when he was given (and recorded) a vision from Jesus. Early Christian tradition identified this writer John of Patmos as John the Apostle, though some modern scholars are uncertain. As such, Patmos is a destination forChristian pilgrimage. Visitors can see the cave where John is said to have received his Revelation (the Cave of theApocalypse), and several monasteries on the island are dedicated to Saint John.Forbes in a 2009 research has named Patmos as Europe's Most Idyllic Place to live, due to the fact that "
 Patmos hasevolved over the centuries but has not lost its air of quiet tranquility, which is one reason why people that know it return again and again
."
[6]
The current mayor of Patmos is Grigoris Kamposos.
History
 John the Apostle on Patmos
by Jacopo Vignali.
The earliest remains of human settlements date to the MiddleBronze Age (c. 2000 BC). They consist of pottery shards fromKastelli, the most important archaeological site so far identified.Patmos is seldom mentioned by ancient writers. Therefore verylittle can be conjectured about the earliest inhabitants. In theClassical period, the Patmians prefer to identify themselves asDorians descending from the families of Argos, Sparta andEpidaurus, further mingling with people of Ionian ancestry.Judging from archaeological finds, Kastelli continued to play animportant role on the island throughout the Ancient Greek period(c. 750 BC-323 BC).During the 3rd century BC, in the Hellenistic period, thesettlement of Patmos acquired the form of an acropolis with animproved defence through a fortification wall and towers.
[7]
 
Patmos3
View of the port (Skala)The beach of Meloi, within walking distance of SkalaMonastery of Saint John the Theologian
Patmos is mentioned in the Christian scriptural Book of Revelation. The book's introduction states that its author,John, was on Patmos when he was given (and recorded) avision from Jesus. Early Christian tradition identified thiswriter John of Patmos as John the Apostle.
[8]
As such,Patmos is a destination for Christian pilgrimage. Visitorscan see the cave where John is said to have received hisRevelation (the Cave of the Apocalypse), and severalmonasteries on the island are dedicated to Saint John.After the death of John of Patmos, possibly around 100, anumber of Early Christian basilicas were erected onPatmos. Among these was a Grand Royal Basilica inhonour of Saint John, built c. 300-350 at the locationwhere the Monastery of Saint John the Theologian standstoday.Early Christian life on Patmos, however, barely survivedMuslim raids from the 7th to the 9th century.
[
citationneeded 
]
During this period, the Grand Basilica wasdestroyed. In the 11th century, the Byzantine EmperorAlexios I Komnenos gave Christodoulos the completeauthority over the island of Patmos, as well as thepermission to build a monastery on the island. Theconstruction of the monastery started in 1101.
[9]
Population was expanded by infusions of Byzantineimmigrants fleeing the Fall of Constantinople in 1453,and Cretan immigrants fleeing the fall of Candia in 1669.The island was controlled by the Ottoman Empire formany years, but it enjoyed certain privileges, mostlyrelated to tax-free trade by the monastery as certified byOttoman imperial documents held in the Library.In 1912, in connection with the Italo-Turkish War, theItalians occupied all the islands of the Dodecanese,including Patmos. The Italians remained there until 1943,when Nazi Germany took over the island.In 1945, the Germans left and the island of Patmosremained autonomous until 1948, when it, together withthe rest of the Dodecanese Islands, joined the independentGreece.
The birth of Patmos according to Greek mythology
According to a legend within the Greek mythology, the island's original name was "Letois," after the goddessArtemis, daughter of Leto. It was believed that Patmos came into existence thanks to her divine intervention.Mythology tells of how Patmos existed as an island at the bottom of the sea.

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