The Caelian Hill
One of the seven hills of RomeLatin name
Baths of Caracalla,Villa Celimontana
Santi Giovanni e Paolo,Santo Stefano Rotondo,San Gregorio Magno,San Tommaso in Formis,Santa Maria in Domnica
Tullus Hostilius, Caelius Vibenna, Servius TulliusSchematic map of Rome showing the seven hillsand Servian wall
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) is one of the famous Seven Hills of Rome.Under reign of Tullus Hostilius, the entire population of Alba Longawas forcibly resettled on the Caelian Hill. According to a traditionrecounted by Titus Livy, the hill received its name from CaeliusVibenna, either because he established a settlement there or becausehis friend Servius Tullius wished to honor him after his death.In Republican-era Rome the Caelian Hill was a fashionable residentialdistrict and the site of residences of the wealthy. Archeological work under the Baths of Caracalla have uncovered the remains of lavishvillas complete with murals and mosaics. The Caelian is also the site of the Basilica of Santi Giovanni e Paolo and the ancient basilica of SantoStefano Rotondo, known for its centralized, circular plan. A significantarea of the hill is taken up by the villa and gardens of Villa Celimontana.
The Caelian Hill from the south