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CHSF Experiment 1

CHSF Experiment 1

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Cambridge Heath Sixth FormAS Chemistry Experiment File
Experiment 1
Preparing a Standard Solution
Aim: The purpose of this experiment is toprepare a standard solution of sodiumcarbonate.Introduction:Sodium carbonate, Na
2
CO
3
is a primarystandard because it meets certainrequirements.1.It must be available in a highly purestate2.It must be stable in air3.It must be easily soluble in water4.It should have a high molar mass5.In solutions, when used in volumetric analysis, it mustundergo complete and rapid reaction You must weigh accurately a sample of sodium carbonate and use itto make a solution of concentration close to 0.10 mol dm
-3
. InExperiment 2 you will use this solution to determining theconcentration of a solution of sulphuric acid.
Apparatus:
ChemicalsHazardIdentificationSafety specsSodium CarbonateNa
2
CO
3
Weigh boatSpatulaBalance accurate towithin 0.01g250 cm
3
beakerwash bottlestirring rodDistilled water250 cm
3
volumetricflaskfilter funnelpipette and fillerdropping pipetteMethod1.Transfer between 2.49g-2.81g of sodium carbonate into aweigh boat and weigh it to the nearest 0.01g. Make notes of the masses in table 12.Place approximately 50cm
3
of distilled water into a 250cm
3
beaker and carefully transfer the bulk of the sodiumcarbonate into the beaker.1
 
Cambridge Heath Sixth FormAS Chemistry Experiment File
3.Reweigh the boat with any remaining sodium carbonate to thenearest 0.01g.4.Stir to dissolve the solid, adding more water if necessary.5.Transfer the solution to the volumetric flask through the filterfunnel. Rinse the beaker well; making sure that all the liquidgoes directly into the flask.6.Add distilled water until the level is within about 1cm of themark on the neck of the flask. Insert the stopper and shake tomix the contents.7.Using the dropping pipette, add enough water to bring thebottom of the meniscus to themark as in figure 1.8. Insert the stopper and invertten times to ensure completemixing. Simply inverting theflask once or twice does notmix the contents and is a verycommon fault.9.Label the flask with thecontents, your names and thedate. Leave a space for theconcentration to be filled in once you have calculated it. Setthe flask aside for experiment 2.Results and Calc ulationsUsing your data fill in Results table 1 belowResults Table 1
Molar mass of sodiumcarbonate Mg mol-1Mass of weigh boat andcontents before transfer, m
1
gMass of weigh boat andcontents after transfer, m
2
gMass of sodium carbonatem=(m
1
-m
2
)gAmount of sodiumcarbonate n= m/MmolVolume of solution Vdm
3
Concentration of sodiumcarbonatemol dm
-3
Questions1.What effect would each of the errors below have on theconcentration of sodium carbonate?a.Some of the solid sodium carbonate was spilled inmaking the transfer2
 
Cambridge Heath Sixth FormAS Chemistry Experiment File
b.Not enough water was added to bring the volume up tothe markc.Too much water was added to the volumetric flaskWould iti.make the concentration higherii.make the concentration loweriii.have no effectGive your reason for each answer (clue: use an sample calculation)3

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