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Studies of Religion - Religion in Australia from 1945

Studies of Religion - Religion in Australia from 1945

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Published by Lachlan Brown
HSC 2009 SoR notes for Religion in Australia from 1945
HSC 2009 SoR notes for Religion in Australia from 1945

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Published by: Lachlan Brown on Oct 14, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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10/23/2014

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SoR Study Notes for Religious Expression in Australia since 1945
Lachlan Brown... not that I really need my name on it 
 The changing patters of religious adherence since 1945 using census data
All raw data has increased
 Judaism remained a steady 0.4% of the population
All other non-Christian religious traditions are growing quickly
Proportion of Christians to non-Christians is becoming less
Decline in total number of those identifying as Catholic, Anglican orUniting
Increase in those identifying with Orthodox Christian traditionsPresent religious landscape in Australia
British brought Christianity to Australia when they colonised it
Catholicism in the form of Irish convicts
Anglicanism in the form of English marines and other convicts
Christianity is major religious tradition
Catholicism second to Anglicanism until 1986 census
Post WWII migrants included Italian Catholics and Orthodox Christiansfrom Eastern Europe
 The Vietnam War coincided with the relaxation of the White AustraliaPolicy and the introduction of multiculturalism
Chinese gold diggers brought Buddhism early on in history
Refugees from Vietnam, Thailand and Cambodia brought Buddhism
Indian servants of British people brought Hinduism early on
 Those from India, Sri Lanka and Fiji brought Hinduism
Camel drivers for Burke and Wills etc. brought Islam early on
 Those from Lebanon, Turkey, Indonesia and Bosnia brought Islam
Denominational Switching is changing from one denomination to anotherwithin a religion
Anglican faith has dropped while Pentecostal faith has increased
Pentecostal services are very much like rock concerts – many youngchristians are attracted to the freshness and vitality of the services
Conservative Protestant churches have more stable numbers
Pentecostal churches have great numbers of drifters, possibly due toaggressive evangelising
Denominational loyalty tends to be very high among Catholics where asother denominations tend to emphasise personal spiritual fulfilment
New Age religions include things like Scientology, Wicca, Paganism,Satanism and Rastafarianism
General characteristics include beliefs in astrology, tarot cards, crystalsas powerful healing items, non-traditional God, God is a human state of higher consciousness, or each individual person is God
Firstly, the growth of New Age religions is a reaction against what is seenas a failure of mainstream religions to satisfactorily respond to the needsof people today.
Secondly, the concept of something well tried yet new and different isalso important. Wicca, Gnostic Traditions etc. have all stood the test of time

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