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Oracle 10g RAC Install-Config on Red Hat

Oracle 10g RAC Install-Config on Red Hat

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Published by: jagtap bonde on Oct 14, 2009
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08/11/2013

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Oracle 10g RAC Installation/Configuration Steps on Red Hat
Steps to install Oracle 10g RAC Software on Red HatPre-Install Tasks
1)
Ensure that external shared disks are allocated (preferably RAW) forstoring Oracle Clusterware files (OCR and voting) and DB files2)Ensure IPs are set up properly on each node of cluster
One private IP address for each node to server as private interconnect– must be defined in /etc/hosts on each node – will be used duringclusterware install
One public IP for each node to be used as Virtual IP for clientconnections and for connection failover – Clusterware will manage this VIP –should have entry in /etc/hosts, butSHOULD NOT BE CONFIGURED/UP(test bypinging)- CRS will manage the VIP later on
One public fixed host name address for each node
Ensure that the Network Interface Names are the same on all nodes ofthe RAC3)Ensure all necessary IDs/groups created
oinstall group
dba group
oracle UNIX ID with oinstall as primary group and dba as secondary group
4)
Ensure all OS is configured properly according to Oracle’s install guide.
5)
Ensure all OS patches are in place - refer to Oracle’s install guide.
6)
Check Kernel Parameters - refer to Oracle’s install guide.
7)
Ensure the Shell Limits are correct – refer to Oracle’s install guide.
8)
Have SA create /etc/oraInst.loc and populate it with something like thefollowing on each node of RAC:
inventory_loc=/u001/app/oracle/oraInventoryinst_group=
9)
Configure the Hangcheck-timer Module by adding following line to/etc/rc.d/rc.local:insmod /lib/modules/kernel_version/kernel/drivers/char/hangcheck-timer.ko hangcheck_tick=1 hangcheck_margin=10
10)
Create RSA and DSA keys on each node on server for BOTH oracle IDs.Setting up rsa and dsa key in authorized_key file in .ssh directory
 NOTE: Ensure no banners are displayed when doing ssh using oracle ID or installwill fail. Banner can be put back after install is done.
 
11)
Ensure DBAs have access to run all necessary scripts as ROOT duringinstall and CRS management. Example:(root) /usr/bin/su - oracle(root) /etc/init.d/init.crs(root) /etc/init.d/init.crsd(root) /etc/init.d/init.cssd(root) /usr/bin/ls -l /var/core(root) /usr/bin/ls -ltr /var/core(root) /usr/bin/view /var/cron/syslog.log(root) /usr/bin/view /var/cron/log(root) /u001/app/oracle/product/oraInventory/orainstRoot.sh(root) /u001/app/oracle/product/rdbms/10.2.0/root.sh(root) /u001/app/oracle/product/crs/10.2.0/root.sh(root) /u001/app/oracle/product/asm/10.2.0/root.sh(root) /u001/app/oracle/product/crs/10.2.0/bin/crsctl(root) /u001/app/oracle/product/crs/10.2.0/bin/vipca(root) /u001/app/oracle/product/crs/10.2.0/install/root102.sh12)Set up oracle .profile so environment is correct
ORACLE_OWNER=oracleexport ORACLE_OWNERORACLE_SID=xxxxexport ORACLE_SIDexport ORACLE_BASE=/u001/app/oracle/productexport ORACLE_BASEexport ORACLE_HOME=$ORACLE_BASE/rdbms/10.2.0export ORACLE_HOMEexport ORA_RDBMS_HOME=$ORACLE_BASE/rdbms/10.2.0export ORA_RDBMS_HOMEexport ORA_CRS_HOME=$ORACLE_BASE/crs/10.2.0export ORA_CRS_HOMEexport ORA_ASM_HOME=$ORACLE_BASE/asm/10.2.0export ORA_ASM_HOMEexport LD_LIBRARY_PATH=$ORACLE_HOME/lib:$LD_LIBRARY_PATHexport LD_LIBRARY_PATHPATH=.:/usr/bin:/usr/sbin:/etc:/usr/ccs/bin:/usr/openwin/bin:/usr/local/bin:$ORACLE_HOME/bin:$ORA_CRS_HOME/bin:$ORA_ASM_HOME/bin:$PATHexport PATHif [ -t 0 ]; thenstty intr ^Cfi
13)Prior to running cluvfy, ensure that ssh and scp reside in/usr/local/bin, if not, get SAs to create links in /usr/local/bin to theiractual location.14)Ensure the raw devices defined for OCR and Voting disk have the followingpermissions:the crsocr raw device needs to be owned by root:oinstall withpermissions of 640 and crsvote should be owned by oracle:oinstall and havepermissions of 660.
15)
Run CRS Verify to do verification
runcluvfy.sh stage -pre crsinst -n
node_list
- ensures installprereqs ok
runcluvfy.sh comp nodecon -n
node_list
- ensures node connectivity ok
runcluvfy.sh stage –post hwos –n
node_list
–verbose
– ensures hardware/ossetup ok
 
runcluvfy.sh comp sys -n
node_list
-p crs -osdba
osdba_group 
-orainv 
orainv_group 
–verbose
– ensure os prereq ok
If receive error related to not finding suitable VIPS refer toNote:
338924.1
Installation Steps
1
) Install CRS 10.2.0.1 into separate ORACLE_HOME
only need to do on one node asGUI will automatically install it on all nodes
a)Set ORACLE_HOME=ORA_CRS_HOME
 b)
download 10201_clusterware_linux_x86_64.cpio.gz from Oracle sitec)gunzip 10201_clusterware_linux_x86_64.cpio.gz
d)
cpio -idmv < 10201_clusterware_linux_x86_64.cpioe)run CVU command:…./Disk1/cluvfy/runcluvfy.sh stage -pre crsinst -n
node_list
f)
determine following attributes for each node in cluster:cluster name = crsdocumentumpublic node name = ustsmdbcvtc007ustsmdbcvtc008private node name = ustsmdbcvtc007-dbint1ustsmdbcvtc008-dbint1virtual node name (public) =ustsmdbcvtc007-oravipustsmdbcvtc008-oravip
g)
Run rootpre.sh as root on both nodesh)./runInstaller
i)
Choose cluster name – crsdocumentum
 j)
Choose IP addresses associated with node (may have to hit ADD for 2
nd
node)
1)
Public IP/node name for node
2)
VIP/node name for crs
3)
Private IP/node name used for interconnect
k)
Next screen is Network Usage ScreenAnswer Network usage about subnets – ALL subnets should be DO NOT USE,except subnets for Public Hostname and Private Interconnect.Run ifconfig –a on server to confirm you have the proper interface nameswith the IPs that have been assigned the public hostname and privateinterconnect.l)Specify location of OCR with external redundancym)Specify location of Voting disk with external redundancy
n)
Prior to running root.sh, put new version of clsfmt.bin into$ORA_CRS_HOME/bin via
Bug
4679769 
download patch 4679769 and follow the instructions

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