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Ancient Indian History_Sumup

Ancient Indian History_Sumup

Ratings: (0)|Views: 33 |Likes:
Published by P K Thakur

Indus Valley Civilization
 Discovered in 1921
 Belonged to the bronze age
 An area of about 1.3 mn sq km
 Existed between 3300-1600 BC in three phases: early, mature and late phases

Sites:
Early (pre-Harappan) Mature (Harappan) Late phase (post-urban)
Harappa
Mohenjodaro
Chanhu-daro
Lothal
Kalibangan Kalibangan
Banawali Banawali (Hissar)
Sutkagendor (Pakistan)
Sukotada (Gujarat)
Dholavira (Kutch) Dholavira Dholavira
Rakhigarhi (Ghaggar) Rakhigarhi Rakhigarhi
Bhagwanpura
Manda (Jammu); Chandigarh, Shangol (Punjab); Daulatpur, Mitthal (Haryana); Alamgirpur. Hulas (West UP)


Site Remarkable Feature

Sutkagendor – Surkotada
Marked by a citadel

Mohenjo-daro Great Bath;
Large granary
Impressive drainage system
Piece of woven cotton
Mother Goddess
Seal of pashu-pati
Kalibangan Grain and plough

 Town planning
 Grid system
 The Indus people were the earliest to produce cotton

Aryans
 Male dominated
 Pastoral
 Horse and Cow were significant animals.
 Rig veda – Consists of 10 mandalas (books): Book 1 and 10 are relatively new
 Earliest specimen of Indo-European language: 2200 BC inscription in Iran. Later in the Hittite inscriptions in Anatolia
 1500 BC came to India
 Sindhu is the river par excellence for them
 Saraswati is the best of the rivers in Rig Veda
 Panchajana – five tribes into which Aryans were divided
 Used ploughshare
 Land did not form a well-established type of private property
 Metal working was known
 Rajan – king
 Samiti, sabha, vidatha,gana – tribal assembly


Jainism
 24 tirthankaras.
 First: Rishab Dev
 23rd: Parshavnath
 Mahavir (599 BC – 527 BC) or (540 BC – 468 BC)
 In Kundagrama near Vaishali
 Father – Siddartha (Jnatrika clan)
 Mother – Trishala (sister of Lichchhavi chief Chetaka)
 Died at Pavapuri near Rajgir
 Five doctrines: Do not – violence, steal, lie, acquire property and do observe brahmacharya
 Did not condemn the varna system
 Triratna: right knowledge, right faith, right action
 Spread to Kalinga in first century BC. King Kharavela
 Used Prakrit language. Literature written in Ardhamagadhi
 Prepared the grammar of Apabhramsha
 Contributed to the growth of Kannada

Buddhism

 563 – 483 BC – Lumbini, Kapilavastu, Nepal. Shakya family.
 Suddhodan and Mahamaya
 Death: Kushinagar (Kasia in Deoria distt of UP)

Eight-fold path (for end of misery)

1. Right observation
2. Right determination
3. Right speech
4. Right action
5. Right livelihood
6. Right exercise
7. Right memory
8. Right meditation


Do not

1. Covet other’s property
2. Commit violence
3. Lie
4. Use intoxicants
5. Indulge in corrupt practices


Philosophy
 No god or atman exists
 Used Pali
 Main elements of Buddhism: Buddha, Sangha, Dhamma
 Brahamana ruler Pashyamitra Shunga persecuted the Buddhists
 Mihirakula (Huna king) killed Buddhists
 Buddhist text: Suttanipata
 Gandhara Art
 First human statues worshipped
 Barabar hills: Caves for monks

Territorial States

Kingdoms and Capitals
Kingdom Capital
Kapilavastu Piprahwa
Lichchhavis Vaishali
Mahajanpadas
Anga Champa
Kashi Varanasi
Koshala Shravasti
Mallas Kushinara
Vatsa/Vamsa Kaushambi
Avanti Ujjain (North)/ Mahishamati (South)
Magadha Rajgir (Girivraja)
Chedi/Cheti
Kuru
Panchala
Matsya
Surasena Mathura
Ashmaka
Gandhara
Kamboja
Vriji/Vajji Mithila
Dynasty Capitals
Satvanahanas Paithan
Pandya Madurai
Chola Puhar (kaveripattanam)
Chalyukyas Badami (Bijapur)
Pallavas Kanchi
Kadambas Vijayanti
Gangas Kolar

First Magadhan Empire

Dyansty Ruler Remark
Haryanka Bimbisara Contemporary of Buddha
Ajatsatru
Udayin Built fort on the confluence of Ganga and Son at Patna
Shishunagas - Destroyed the power of Avanti
Nandas (most powerful rulers of Magadha) Mahapadma Nanda

Mauryas (Patliputra)
Mauryas h

Indus Valley Civilization
 Discovered in 1921
 Belonged to the bronze age
 An area of about 1.3 mn sq km
 Existed between 3300-1600 BC in three phases: early, mature and late phases

Sites:
Early (pre-Harappan) Mature (Harappan) Late phase (post-urban)
Harappa
Mohenjodaro
Chanhu-daro
Lothal
Kalibangan Kalibangan
Banawali Banawali (Hissar)
Sutkagendor (Pakistan)
Sukotada (Gujarat)
Dholavira (Kutch) Dholavira Dholavira
Rakhigarhi (Ghaggar) Rakhigarhi Rakhigarhi
Bhagwanpura
Manda (Jammu); Chandigarh, Shangol (Punjab); Daulatpur, Mitthal (Haryana); Alamgirpur. Hulas (West UP)


Site Remarkable Feature

Sutkagendor – Surkotada
Marked by a citadel

Mohenjo-daro Great Bath;
Large granary
Impressive drainage system
Piece of woven cotton
Mother Goddess
Seal of pashu-pati
Kalibangan Grain and plough

 Town planning
 Grid system
 The Indus people were the earliest to produce cotton

Aryans
 Male dominated
 Pastoral
 Horse and Cow were significant animals.
 Rig veda – Consists of 10 mandalas (books): Book 1 and 10 are relatively new
 Earliest specimen of Indo-European language: 2200 BC inscription in Iran. Later in the Hittite inscriptions in Anatolia
 1500 BC came to India
 Sindhu is the river par excellence for them
 Saraswati is the best of the rivers in Rig Veda
 Panchajana – five tribes into which Aryans were divided
 Used ploughshare
 Land did not form a well-established type of private property
 Metal working was known
 Rajan – king
 Samiti, sabha, vidatha,gana – tribal assembly


Jainism
 24 tirthankaras.
 First: Rishab Dev
 23rd: Parshavnath
 Mahavir (599 BC – 527 BC) or (540 BC – 468 BC)
 In Kundagrama near Vaishali
 Father – Siddartha (Jnatrika clan)
 Mother – Trishala (sister of Lichchhavi chief Chetaka)
 Died at Pavapuri near Rajgir
 Five doctrines: Do not – violence, steal, lie, acquire property and do observe brahmacharya
 Did not condemn the varna system
 Triratna: right knowledge, right faith, right action
 Spread to Kalinga in first century BC. King Kharavela
 Used Prakrit language. Literature written in Ardhamagadhi
 Prepared the grammar of Apabhramsha
 Contributed to the growth of Kannada

Buddhism

 563 – 483 BC – Lumbini, Kapilavastu, Nepal. Shakya family.
 Suddhodan and Mahamaya
 Death: Kushinagar (Kasia in Deoria distt of UP)

Eight-fold path (for end of misery)

1. Right observation
2. Right determination
3. Right speech
4. Right action
5. Right livelihood
6. Right exercise
7. Right memory
8. Right meditation


Do not

1. Covet other’s property
2. Commit violence
3. Lie
4. Use intoxicants
5. Indulge in corrupt practices


Philosophy
 No god or atman exists
 Used Pali
 Main elements of Buddhism: Buddha, Sangha, Dhamma
 Brahamana ruler Pashyamitra Shunga persecuted the Buddhists
 Mihirakula (Huna king) killed Buddhists
 Buddhist text: Suttanipata
 Gandhara Art
 First human statues worshipped
 Barabar hills: Caves for monks

Territorial States

Kingdoms and Capitals
Kingdom Capital
Kapilavastu Piprahwa
Lichchhavis Vaishali
Mahajanpadas
Anga Champa
Kashi Varanasi
Koshala Shravasti
Mallas Kushinara
Vatsa/Vamsa Kaushambi
Avanti Ujjain (North)/ Mahishamati (South)
Magadha Rajgir (Girivraja)
Chedi/Cheti
Kuru
Panchala
Matsya
Surasena Mathura
Ashmaka
Gandhara
Kamboja
Vriji/Vajji Mithila
Dynasty Capitals
Satvanahanas Paithan
Pandya Madurai
Chola Puhar (kaveripattanam)
Chalyukyas Badami (Bijapur)
Pallavas Kanchi
Kadambas Vijayanti
Gangas Kolar

First Magadhan Empire

Dyansty Ruler Remark
Haryanka Bimbisara Contemporary of Buddha
Ajatsatru
Udayin Built fort on the confluence of Ganga and Son at Patna
Shishunagas - Destroyed the power of Avanti
Nandas (most powerful rulers of Magadha) Mahapadma Nanda

Mauryas (Patliputra)
Mauryas h

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Categories:Types, School Work
Published by: P K Thakur on Mar 05, 2014
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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