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Principles of Management 633

Principles of Management 633

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Published by Nirmal
this document is for those who prefer to study on last day...this document contains many short cut questions of principles of management..

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this document is for those who prefer to study on last day...this document contains many short cut questions of principles of management..

Njoy...

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Published by: Nirmal on Oct 15, 2009
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05/23/2011

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Principles of Management2 Mark Questions
1. Definition 0f management?
Management is the art and science of getting work done through people. It is theprocess of giving direction and controlling of various activities of people to achieve theobjectives of organization.
KOONTZ & WEIHRICH 
“Management is the process of designing and maintaining of an environment inwhich individuals working together in groups effectively accomplish selected aims”.
F.W.TAYLOR 
“Management is the art of knowing what do you want to do and then seeing that isdone in the best cheapest way”.
2. Skills needed for managers:
Technical skill 
1.It refers to the ability to the tools, equipment procedure and techniques.2.Effective supervision and co-ordination of the work a group members or subordinates.
Human skill 
1.It refers to the ability of the manager to work effectively as a group members andto build co-operative effort in team leaders.2.Needed to understand people.
Conceptual skill 
1.It is also called as design and problem2.To see the organization and the various component of it as whole3.To understand how its various parts and functions mesh together 
3. Different approaches of management
1.System approach2.Contingency approach
 
System approachIntroduction
Like a human organism an organization in a system. In an organization alsopeople task and management are independent.
System concepts
System theory was first applied in field of science and engineering.
Contingency approach
The Contingency approach is called as situational approach. It is developed bymanagers, consultant and researchers who tried to apply for real life situation. Somemanagement concepts are different and are very effectively in one situation. The sameconcept is failed in another situation. Results or solutions differ because situations differ.In this approach the managers identify which is suitable technique for a particular solution. Particular environment of the organization at a specific time.
4. Comparison between art and science.
Science:
It is a systematic body of knowledge with array of principles.
 Art:
1.It is the application of skill in finding desired results.2.Management is both science and art:3.It contains general principle4.It also an art because it require certain personal skills to achieve desired result.
5. Functions of management
1.Planning2.Organizing3.Staffing4.Co ordinating5.Controlling
 
6. Management level and functions.
1.Top-level management2.Middle level management3.Lower level management
Top level management functions
1.To formulate goals and policies2.To formulate budgets3.To appoint top executives
Middle level management functions.
1.To train motives &develop supervisory level2.To monitor and control the operations performance
Low level management 
1.To train &develop workers2.To assign job3.To give orders and instructions4.To report the information about the workers
7. What to you mean by social responsibility& social responsiveness.
Corporate social responsibility is seriously considering the impact of the company’saction on society.Social responsiveness means “the ability of a corporation to relate its operations &policies to the social environment in ways that are mutually beneficial to the company andto society.
8. What is institutionalizing ethics& how it can be accomplished?
Institutionalizing ethics means applying & integrating ethical concepts in to dailyactions. This can be accomplished in three ways.1.By establishing appropriate company policy or a code of ethics2.By using a formally appointed ethics committee3.By teaching ethics in management development programs

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