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INTRODUCTION TO IMAGE PROCESSING-LAB REPORT

# INTRODUCTION TO IMAGE PROCESSING-LAB REPORT

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06/02/2010

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SGS 1633 REMOTE SENSING TECHNOLOGY 1LAB REPORT 1LECTURER :PROF MOHD IBRAHIM SEENI MOHDPREPARED BY:MOHD FARID BIN FAUZI900707-03-5463AG0900901-SGS 2009/10

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[INTRODUCTION TO IMAGE PROCESSING]
August 5,2009
10TITLEIntroduction to Image Processing20OBJECTIVES
2.1
To enhance the satellite data by using combination of differentband.
2.2
To observe and differentiate on the image displayed by usingdifferent band and determine what the band good for.
2.3
Analysing data from the image data in graphical form anddescription form.2.4Make a conclusion for the best combination of band for betterimage result.10METHODOLOGY
3.1
By using Geomatica v9.1 software, display the image data forstudied place.
3.2
For Task 1,use same band for all three color wavelength; red,greenand blue.3.3Make enhancement for clear image and observe what part on thepicture that appearing clearly.3.4Conclude what the function of each band and compare it with textbook.3.5Then, find the best combination of RGB wavelength in order to getbest and clear image.
3.6
For Task 2,take the Digital Number(DN) data from six or sevendifference places for each bands. The digital numbers are acquisitedusing the same software.3.7Find the average Digital Number(DN) for each point or place andtabulate the data in the table form.3.8Afterwards, plot the band(wavelength) versus Digital Number(DN)graph.3.9An analysis of this experiment/practical work is written properly.
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[INTRODUCTION TO IMAGE PROCESSING]
August 5,2009
BandType of enhancementDetails which appearing clearly1
LinearUrban area
2
LinearOpen area
3
4
RootWate
5
RootMangrove
6
EqualizationThermal
7
The best combination found was R-7, G-5 and B-2 with adaptiveenhancement technique. This combination will basically show thedifferent between vegetation area, water surface, urban area, openarea, road and more. It let the observer differentiate these areaseasily.We also can use the combination of R-7, G-5 and B-2 as it alsoproduces better image which we can defined the different type of areas. Task 2
Digital Number of Each Band
Band 1Band 2Band 3Band 4Band 5Band 7Band 6
Vegetation 1
84.71 34.78 37.76 103.34 68.80 19.02 117.02
Vegetation 2
89.00 40.45 50.41 75.51 96.27 34.76 119.78
Sediment Water
87.20 33.64 36.27 21.41 19.11 8.95 116.90
Dark Water
98.68 45.18 52.98 44.64 35.95 14.72 109.91
Urban Area
109.67 52.04 73.14 59.33 110.16 52.08 125.02
Open Area
145.04 91.43 167.41 127.51 218.76 89.51 115.31
Other
119.19 80.27 147.58 114.02 208.63 77.3 120.32
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